Mandarin Chinese Introductory Language Exercises (Using Pinyin)



1. pǔtōnghu 2. d 3. Nǐ hǎo! 4. qǐng. 5. xixie! 6. pǔtōnghu. 7. zhge 8. qǐngtiě 9. Huānyng! 10. xiāoxi 11. zhge xiāoxi 12. hǎo xiāoxi 13. Qǐng d. 14. Qǐng d zhge qǐngtiě. 15. zhge xnxī



1. Mandarin 2. read (not just silently) 3. Hello! 4. Please 5. Thanks! 6. Mandarin 7. This (particular ) 8. invitation 9. Welcome! 10. news 11. this news 12. good news 13. Please read. 14. Please read this invitation. 15. this information



1. hǎo. 2. Nǐ hǎo. 3. Xixie nn. 4. Tāmen hǎo. 5. Nǐ d zhge hǎo xiāoxi. 6. tā hǎo. 7. nǐmen hǎo. 8. Xixie d zhge qǐngtiě.



1. well/fine/OK/good. 2. You [are] O.K. 3. Thank you (polite). 4. They [are] good. 5. You read this good news. 6. He/she/it [is] good. 7. YOU [are] well. 8. Thanks for reading this invitation.



1. Shi hǎo? 2. Nǐ shi? 3. Shi d zhge xiāoxi? 4. Shi d ptōnghu? 5. Tāmen shi?



1. Who [is] well? 2. Who [are] you? (You [are] who?) 3. Who reads Mandarin? 5. Who [are] they?



1. Nǐ d shnme? 2. Nǐmen hǎo! 3. Tāmen sh shi? 4. Shnme xnxī? 5. Zhge qǐngtiě sh shnme?



1. What are you reading? 2. Hello (to YOU all ). 3. Who are they? 4. What information? 5. What is this invitation?



1. Nǐ hǎo ma? 2. Tāmen hǎo ma? 3. Wǒ hǎo ma? 4. Nǐmen hǎo ma? 5. Tā hǎo ma? 6. Wǒmen hǎo ma? 7. Zhge xnxī hǎo ma? 8. Nǐ d pǔtōnghu ma? 9. Huānyng!



1. How are you? (You [are] well, eh?) 2. Are they good/OK/well? 3. Am I alright? 4. How are YOU? 5. Is it good? (or Is he/she O.K.?) 6. How are we? 7. Is this information OK? 8. Do you read Mandarin? 9. Welcome!



1. Tā hěn ho. 2. Nǐmen b hǎo. 3. Tā b hǎo. 4. Wǒmen hěn hǎo. 5. Tāmen b hǎo. 6. Nǐ hěn hǎo. 7. Xixiē nn! 8. Nǐ d zhge hǎo xiāoxi ma? 9. Zhge xnxī sh shnme? 10. Zhge xiāoxi b hǎo.



1. He is indeed/very well. or It's quite O.K. 2. YOU are not well. 3. He/she is not good/well. 4. We are very well. 5. They are not good/well. 6. You are very/certainly well. 7. Thank you! (polite). 8. Do you read this good news? 9. What is this information? 10. This news is not good.



1. Wǒ sh Fred. 2. Tā sh Bill. 3. Nǐ b sh Bill. 4. Tāmen b hǎo ma? 5. Wǒmen b d tā. 6. Wǒ b sh Bill. 7. Tā d. 8. Nǐ b d. 9. Qǐng d tā.



1. I am Fred. 2. He is Bill. 3. You aren't Bill. 4. They are unwell, are they? 5. We don't reaad it. 6. I'm not Bill. 7. He reads [out]. 8. You don't read [aloud]. 9. Please read it (aloud).



1. Tāmen xīwng d tā. 2. Nǐ xīwng d zhge xiāoxi ma? 3. Qǐng d tā. 4. N zhge qǐngtiě. 5. Gěi tāmen tā. 6. Tāmen xīwng gěi wǒmen zhge xiāoxi. 7. Qǐng gěi wǒ zhge qǐngtiě. 8. Tā xīwng n zhge xnxī ma? 9. Nǐ gěi tāmen shnme? 10. Shi gěi nǐ zhge xiāoxi?



1. They want to read it. 2. Do you wish to read this news? 3. Please read it. 4. Take this invitation. 5. Give them it. 6. They would like to give us this news. 7. Please give me this invitation. 8. Would he like to take this information? 9. What do you give them? 10. Who gives you this news?



1. Nǐ shuō shnme? 2. Tā shuō pǔtōnghu. 3. Tāmen gosu wǒmen shnme xnxī? 4. Wǒ b hu shuō pǔtōnghu. 5. Shi nng gěi tāmen zhge xiāoxi? 6. Qǐng zi shuō. 7. Shi nng d zhge xiāoxi? 8. Nǐ xīwng zi gosu wǒ nǐde xnxī ma?



1. What do you say? 2. He speaks Mandarin. 4. They tell us what information. 4. I'm unable to speak Mandarin. 5. Who can give them this news? 6. Please say again. 7. Who can read this news. 8. Would you like to tell me your information again?



1. Kn 2. d 3. jiěmi 4. dxiōng 5. knjin  6. wǒmen dxiōng 7. nǐ jiěmi 8. Wǒ dxiōng xīwng kn tā. 9. Zh sh wǒ jiěmi. 10. nǐ knjin wǒmen dxiōng ma? 11.pngyou 12. Zhge pngyou sh tāmen jiěmi ma?



1. Look / look at / watch / read (silently) 2. read (not just silently) 3. sister 4. brother 5. see / get sight of 6. our brother 7. your sister 8. My brother would like to look at it. 9. This is my sister. 10. Do you see our brother. 11. friend 12. This friend is their sister.



1. de 2. wǒ de / wǒde 3. wǒmende qǐngtiě 4. nǐde pngyou 5. tāde dxiōng 6. nǐmende jiěmi 7. Tāde hǎo xiāoxi 8. Qǐng d wǒmende xnxī. 9 Nǐ xīwng d wǒde xiāoxi ma?



1 of / 's / s' 2. my / of me 3. our invitation 4 your friend 5. his / her brother 6. YOUR sister 7. His good news 8. Please read our information. 9. Would you like to read my news?



1. Gěi wǒ tā. 2. Bǎ tā gěi wǒ. 3. Bǎ nǐde qǐngtiě gěi wǒmen. 4. Bǎ zhge xiāoxi gosu tāmen. 5. Nǐde pngyou gosu wǒmen zhge xiāoxi. 6. Zhge qǐngtie bi nǐde pngyou gěi wǒ. 7. Tāmen xīwng bi wǒmen gěi qǐngtiě.




1. Give me it. 2. Give me it. 3. Give us your invitation. 4. Tell them this news. 5. Your friend tells us this news. 6. This invitation was given by your friend. 7. They would like to be given [an] invitation by us.



1. mng[zi] 2. jio 3. Shngd 4. Yēhhu 5. rnshi 6. nǐde mngzi 7. wǒ jio 8. Nǐde mngzi sh shnme? 9. Tāmen jio shnme [mngzi]. 10. Shngd sh shi? 11. Nǐ rnshi Shangd de mngzi ma? 12. Shngd shuō, Wǒde mng sh Yēhhu. 13. Tā jio Yēhhu [mngzi].



1. name 2. [to] call / [to] be called 3. Shngd 4. Jehovah 5. [to] know of /[to] be acquainted with 6. your name 7 . I'm called / I call 8. What is you name? 9. What are you called [by name]? 10. Who is God? 11. Do you know God's name? 12. God says, My name is Jehovah.. 13. He is called [by the name] Jehovah.



1. Zh sh wǒde pngyou. 2. yge xnxī 3. Qǐng gěi wǒ yge qǐngtiě. 4. Yge dxiōng gěi wǒ zhge xiāoxi.



1. This is my friend 2. a message (sheet of information) 3. Please give me an invitation. 4. A friend gives me this news.



1. rn 2. hǎo rn 3. hěn hǎo de rn 4. Qǐng shuō hǎo de. 5. Zh sh hǎo xiāoxi. 6. N sh hěn hǎo de xiāoxi. 7. Wǒde jiěmi gosu nǐ wǒmen * xīwng de xiāoxi. 8. Nǐ de hǎo pngyou shuō n. 9. Nǐ * hěn hǎo de pngyou shuō zh. 10. Zhge hěn hǎo de rn sh wǒde pngyou. 11. Wǒ b rnshi tā de rn gěi wǒmen zhge xnxī. 12. Wǒ xīwng knjin yge pǔtōnghu shuō de rn. 13. Zh sh d Hnz de rn.


* NOTE: Only one de used in a group.



1. person 2. good person 3. very good person 4. Please speak nicely. 5. This is good news. 6. That is very good news. 7. My sister tells you news that we'd like. 8. Your good friend says that. 9. Your very good friend says this. 10. This very nice person is my friend. 11. A person whom I don't know gives us this information. 12. I'd like to see a person who speaks Mandarin. 13. This is a person who speaks Hanzi.



1. shū 2. miyǒu 3. Shngjīng 4. i 5. yǒngshēng 6. xngf 7. hpng 8. Wǒ yǒu hpng. 9. Nǐde shū shuō shnme? 10. Nǐmen i Shngd ma? 11. Yēhhu xīwng gěi wǒmen yǒngshēng. 12. Miyǒu shū. 13. Tā mi yǒu qǐngtiě. 14. Yǒumiyǒu xīwng?



1. book 2. not have / there isn't any 3. Bible 4. love 6. everlasting life 7. blessed happiness 7. peace 8. I have peace. 9. What does your book say? 10. Do YOU love God? 11. Jehovah wants to give us everlasting life. 12. There isn't any book. 13. He doesn't have an invitation. 14. Is there or isn't there any hope?



1. jiā 2. jhu 3. dhu 4. xu[x] 5. li 6. q 7. Qǐng li wǒde jiā. 8. Wǒmen q jhu xux Shngd de i. 9. Tā hu gěi wǒmen yge xnxī. 10. Qǐng q jiā. 11. Nǐ kěyǐ li wǒ dxiōng de jiā. 12. Wǒmen kěyǐ xux Shngd de shū. 13. Shngjīng gosu wǒmen Yēhhu xīwng gěi wǒmen gāoxng.



1. home 2. meeting 3. big meeting / assembly, convention 4. study / to study 5. come 6. go 7. Please come to my home. 8. We go to the meeting to study God's love. 9. He/she will give us a message. 10. Please go home. 11. You may come to my brother's home. 12. We may study God's book. 13. The Bible tells us Jehovah wishes to give us joy.



1. cngli 2. le 3. qle 4. mi q 5. cngli mi q 6. rnshi 7. cngli b rnshi 8. li 9. lile 10. mi li 11. cngli mi li 12. xux 13. xule 14. mi xu 15. b q 16. Nǐ qguo wǒde jiā ma? 17. Wǒ cngli mi[yǒu] qguo nǐde jiā.



1. ever 2. done / completed 3. went 4. didn't go 5. never have gone / never did go 6. to know be acquainted with 7. never knew / never have been acquainted with 8. to come 9. came 10. didn't come 11. never have come / never came 12. to study 13. studied 14. didn't study 15. doesn't go 16. Did you go to my home? 17. I never have gone to your home.



1. Tā shuō le 2. Wǒmen mi shuō. 3. Wǒ hu gosu nǐ hǎo xiāoxi. 4. Nǐ gosuguo wǒmen zhge xnxī ma? 5. Wǒmen cngli b xīwng knjin nge xnxī. 6. Tāmen xule Hnz. 7. Nǐmen cngli miyǒu xu Shngjīng ma? 8. Wǒmen b rnshi tāmen. 9. Wǒ cngli b rnshi tāmen. 10. Wǒ xīwng rnshi tāmen.



1. He spoke / said. 2. We did not speak. 3. I'll tell you good news. 4. Did you tell us this information? 5. We never wanted to see that information. 6. They studied Hanzi. 7. Have YOU ever studied the Bible? 8. We don't know them. 9. I never knew them. 10. I'd like to get acquainted with them.



1. Wǒ knjinguo nǐmen. 2. Tā cngli mi[yǒu] knjinguo nǐmen. 3. Wǒmen xīwng d zh. 4.Tāmen b xīwng d zh.  5. Nǐmen congli b xīwng d zhge xiāoxi ma? 6. Nǐ qle jiā ma? 7. Tāmen cngli mi li wǒde jiā. 8. Wǒmen xule Shngjīng. 9. Tāmen mi xu pǔtōnghu. 10. Nǐde dxiōng gosule wǒ Shngjīng de xīwng.



1. I have seen YOU. / I did see YOU. / I saw YOU. 2. He has never seen YOU. 3. We'd like to read this. 4. They wouldn't like to read this. 5. Would YOU never like to read this news? 6. Did you go home? 7. They never [have] come to my home. 8. We studied the Bible. 9. They haven't studied Mandarin. 10. Your brother told me the Bible's hope.



1. yīnwěi 2. yīncǐ 3. suǒyǐ 4. wishnme 5. wi 6. wile 7. Wǒ lile yīnwi xīwng xux Shngjīng. 8. Nǐmen wishnme mi li wǒde jiā? 9. Tā lile wi Shngjīng de xux. 10. Tāmen lile wile xux Shngjīng.


1. because 2. hence / therefore 3. so / therefore 4. why 5. for 6. for the reason of 7. I came because I would like to study the Bible. 8. Why did YOU not come to my home? 9. He came for [a] Bible study. 10. They came for the purpose of studying the Bible. (/ so as to study the Bible.)



1. Tāmen qle yīnwi yge xnxī lile. 2. Tāde dxiōng lile yīncǐ tāmen qle tāde jiā. 3. Tāde jiěmi lile wile gosu wǒmen zhge xiāoxi. 4. Wǒ gěile nǐ zhge qǐngtiě wile nǐ li wǒmende jhu. 5. Nǐ wishnme bkě gosu wǒ zhge xnxī? 6. Tāmen wishnme shuō zh?



1. They went because a message came. 2. His brother came, therefore they went to his home. 3. His sister came so as to tell us this news. 4. I gave you this invitation for you to come to our meeting. 5. Why are you unable to tell me this information? 6. Why do they say this?



1. de 2. hu 3. mngbai 4. dǒng 5. Dǒngbdǒng? 6. Shngd de hu 7. mngbai Shngd de hu 8. Wǒ b dǒng nǐde hu. 9. Nǐ mngbai wǒmen de shū ma? 10. shuō pǔtōnghu 11. shuō pǔtōnghu de rn 12. Wǒ b mngbai zhge shuō pǔtōnghu de rn.



1. of / that which / the one who 2. speech / word / what is said 3. understand / see clearly 4. understand 5. Do you understand or not? 6. God's word 7. understand God's word 8. I don't understand what you are saying. 9. Do you understand our book? 10. speak Mandarin 11. person who speaks Mandarin 12. I don't understand this person speaking Mandarin.



1. Tā Hnz d de hěn hǎo. 2. Nǐ pǔtōnghu shuō de hǎo ma? 3. Tāmen pǔtōnghu shuō de b hǎo. 4. Nǐmen mngbai Shngjīng de hu ma? 5. Zhge hu sh shi de hu? 6. Yēhhu de hu wi wǒmen hěn hǎo. 7. Nǐ mngbai nǐ jiěmi gosu nǐ de xiāoxi ma? 8. Nǐ gěi wǒ de shū hěn hǎo. 9. Wǒmen xīwng gosu nǐ nǐmen nng mngbai de hu. 10. Nǐ dǒng Yēhhu shuō de hu ma?



1. He / she reads Hanzi very well. 2. Do you speak Mandarin well? 3. They speak Mandarin not well. 4. Do YOU understand what the Bible says? 5. These words are whose words? 6. Jehovah's words are very good for us. 7. Do you understand the news that your sister told you? 8. The book that you gave me is very good. 9. We'd like to tell you words that YOU can understand. 10. Do you understand the words that Jehovah says.



1. Nǐde shū zi zhr! 2. Nǐmen de jiā zi nǎr? 3. Wǒ b zhīdao tāde jiā zi zhěr. 4. Nr miyǒu xīwng. 5. Shngjīng zi nǎr shuōle zh? 6. Qǐng q nr. 7. Wǒmen kěyǐ q nr ma? 8. Nǐmen bkě q nr. 9. Zhělǐ yǒumiyǒu hǎo xiāoxi?



1. Your book is here! 2. Where is YOUR home? 3. I don't know where his home is. 4. There there is no hope. 5. Where did the Bible say this? 6. Please go there. 7. May we go there? 8. YOU cannot go there. 9. Is there [or is there not] any good news here?



1. Nǐ hu q nr xux Shngjīng ma? 2. Tāmende jhu zi nǎr? 3. Nǐ zhīdao Shngd zi nǎr ma? 4. Zhge qǐngtiě gosu nǐ jhu zi nǎr. 5. Zhr wǒde jiā! 6. Nǐmen qle nǎr? 7. B zi nlǐ!



1. Will you go there to study the Bible? 2. Where is their meeting? 3. Do you know where God is? 4. This invitation tells you where the meeting is. 5. Here is my home! 6. Where did you go? 7. It's not there!



1. zhyng 2. zěnyng? 3. xūyo 4. nyng 5. Zu zhr! 6. Zu zh! 7. Nǐ zu shnme? 8. Wǒmen xūyo zu shnme? 9. Qǐng zu nr! 10. Shi zule zh?



1. like this 2. how? 3. need to 4. like that 5. Sit here! 6. Do this! 7. What are you doing? 8. What do we need to do? 9. Please sit there! 10. Who did this? / Who made this?



1. Wǒmen xūyo q nr. 2. Nǐmen zhīdao zěnyng li zhr ma? 3. Nǐ zhīdao wǒmen xūyo shuō de hu ma? 4. Tā b zhīdao tāde Shngjīng zi nǎr. 5. Shngjīng gosu wǒmen xūyo zěnyng zu de. 6. Nǐmen zěnyng xux Shngjīng? 7. Shngd xīwng wǒmen b zu zhyng. 8. Nǐ nng zhyng zu ma? 9. Bkě zu zhr! 10. Shngd shuō de hu wi wǒmen hǎo. 11. Nǐ kěyǐ nyng li. 12. Nǐ cngli mi[yǒu] nyng zu ma?



1. We need to go there. 2. Do YOU know how to come here? 3. Do you know the words that we need to say? 4. He doesn't know where his Bible is. 5. The Bible tells us how we need to act. 6. How do YOU study the Bible? 7. God would like us not to do like this. 8. Are you able to do like this? 9. Mustn't sit here! 10. The words God says are good for us. 11. You may come in that manner. 12. Did you never do like that?



1. zhxiē 2. yxiē 3. nxiē 4. tāde shu 5. zhběn shū 6. yběn shū 7. nběn shū 8. Tā knjinle wǒ. 9. Yǒu yxiē rn. 10. Qǐng d zhběn shū.



1. these 2. some 3. those 4. his book 5. this book 6. a book 7. that book 8. He saw me. 9. There are some persons. 10. Please read this book.



1. Wǒ knjinle yxiē rn xīwng li zhr. 2. Nǐ xīwng d zhběn shū ma? 3. Nběn shū sh Shngjīng. 4. Tā gěile wǒ yběn shū. 5. Shngjīng sh Shngd gěi wǒmen de shū. 6. Nr yǒumiyǒu nyng de pngyou? 7. Nǐ cngli mi knjinguo zhyng de dxiōng jiěmi ma? 8. Nǐmen nng zhyng xux pǔtōnghu.



1. I saw some persons wanting to come here. 2. Would you like to read this book? 3. That book is the Bible. 4. He gave me a book. 5. The Bible is [a] book that God gave us. 6. Are there friends like this there? 7. Have you never seen brothers and sisters like this? 8. YOU can study Mandarin like this.



1. yng 2. bāng[zh] 3. xiǎng 4. guāny 5. Shngdde bāngzh 6. Wǒ xiǎng bāngzh nǐ. 7. Yēhhu xīwng bāngzh nǐmen. 8. Qǐng gosu wǒ guāny Shngjīng. 9. Yng Shngjīng wǒmen xiǎng gosu nǐ guāny wǒmende xīwng. 10. Nǐ xiǎng zi Shngjīng yng xux Shngdde hu ma?



1. use, employ 2. help 3. want to 4. about 5. God's help 6. I want to help you. 7. Jehovah wants to help YOU. 8. Please tell me about the Bible. 9. Using the Bible we want to tell you about our hope. 10. Do you want to study the word of God using the Bible?



1. yo[shi] 2. ji 3. Yoshi nǐ b xīwng li zhr wǒ ji hu q nr. 4. Yoshi nǐ d Shngjīng nǐ ji d Shngdde hu. 5. Nǐ xiǎng mngbai tāde hu nǐ ji xūyo xux Shngjīng. 6. Yoshi nǐmen li wǒmende jhu nǐ hu knjin hěn hǎo de dxiōng jiěmi. 7. Yoshi wǒmen i Yēhhu wǒmen ji xiǎng zu tā shuō de hu. 8. Tā xiǎng xux pǔtōnghu wǒ ji nng bāngzh tā.



1. if 2. then 3. If you don't wish to come here then I'll go there. 4. If you read the Bible, you are then reading God's Word. 5. (If) you want to understand his words, then you need to study the Bible. 6. If YOU come to our meeting, [then] you will get to see very good brothers and sisters. 7. If we love Jehovah, then we want to do what he says. 8. (If) he wants to study Mandarin, then I can help him.



1. Yo[shi] nǐzu zhr wǒmen ji nng d wǒde shū. 2. Yoshi tāmen li wǒde jiā wǒ [ji] hu gěi tāmen yge xnxī. 3. Yoshi rn mngbai Yēhhu de hu tāmen ji b hu nyng zu. 4. Yoshi tāmen zhīdao wǒde jiā zi zhěr tāmen ji nng q nr xux. 5. Yoshi tā yǒu nběn shū wǒmen ji hu xux tā. 6. Yoshi nǐ yǒu wǒde shū qǐng li zhr. 7. Yoshi nǐ xiǎng yng wǒde shū nǐ ji xūyo li wǒde jiā.



1. If you sit here, we then can read my book. 2. If they come to my home, [then] I'll give them a piece of information. 3. If a person understands Jehovah's words, then they won't act like that. 4. If they know where my home is, then they can go there to study. 5. If he has that book, then we'll study it. 6. If you have my book, please come here. 7. If you want to use my book, then you need to come to my home.



1. suǒ 2.  dōu 3. wǒmen suǒ d 4. tāmen dōu 5. zhxiē shū dōu 6. nǐ suǒyǒu de shū 7. suǒyǒu rn dōu



1. the (one[s]) that / whatever 2. all 3. what we read 4. they all / all of them 5. all these books 6. whatever book you have / whatever book there is 7. all persons



1. Wǒmen zi Shngjīng yng suǒ d dōu wi wǒmen hǎo de. 2. Qǐng gosu wǒ nǐ suǒ mngbai de hu. 3. Tāmen xūyo zu Shngd suǒ xiǎng de. 4. Yēhhu de suǒyǒu hu wi wǒmen hpng de hu. 5. Shngjīng suǒ shūo de dōu bāngzh xux tā de rn. 6. Rn xux Yēhhu suǒ shuō de tā ji nng yǒu hpng. 7. Suǒyǒu shū dōu b hǎo de. 8. Wǒmen de suǒyǒu dxiōng jiěmi dōu xīwng bāngzh nǐ mngbai Shngjīng. 9. Suǒyǒu dxiōng dōu xūyo li zhr. 10. Wǒmen yng suǒyǒu Shngjīng.



1. Whatever we read using the Bible is good for us. 2. Please tell me what words you understand. 3. They need to do what Jehovah wants. 4. Whatever Jehovah says is for us the word of peace. 6. [If] a person studies what Jehovah says, then he can have peace. 7. Not all books are good. 8. All of our brothers and sisters would like to help you understand the Bible. 9. All the brothers should come here. 10. We use any Bible there is.



1. shǐ 2. lng 3. sht 4. rng 5. shu 6. qngkung 7. nnt 8. gāoxng 9. hpng 10. Tāmen lt q nr. 11. Wǒmen dōu shu nnt.



1. to cause/make [something happen] 2. to lead to feel 3. to try, attempt 4. to let [an action take place] 5. to suffer/experience 6. conditions 7. problems/difficulties 8. happiness 9. peace 10. They endeavour to go there. 11. We all experience troubles.



1. Zhxiē qngkung wi tāmen b hǎo de. 2. Yēhhu shuō bāngzh wǒmen de hu. 3. Yēhhu hu shuō rn miyǒu zi nnt. 4. Wǒmen de qngkung hu sh hǎo de. 5. Tā lng wǒmen gāoxng de. 6. Wǒ knjin nǐ suǒ zu de. 7. Nge hǎo xiāoxi rng wǒ xīwng Yēhhu hu bāngzh wǒmen. 8. Shngd sh i.



1. These conditions are bad for them. 2. Jehovah says what helps us. 3. Jehovah will say people no longer have difficulties. 4. Our conditions will be good. 5. He leads us to feel happy. 6. I see what you are doing. 7. That good news lets me hope that Jehovah will help us. 8. God is love.


1. Suǒyǒu rn dōu shu nnt. 2. Wǒmen hu knjin b zi b hǎo de qngkung. 3. Yǒu yxiē rn shuō yoshi miyǒu nnt ji miyǒu gāoxng! 4. Tāmen shuō, yoshi wǒmen b zhīdao b hǎo de qngkung, wǒmen ji b nng zhīdao hǎo de qngkung! 5. Wǒ xiǎng b zi zhxiē qngkung. 6. B zi zu n! 7. Nxiē qngkung shǐ rn shuō miyǒu zi xīwng. 8. Shngdde i shǐ wǒ i tā.



1. All people suffer problems. 2. We will see (there are) no more bad conditions. 3. There some persons who say, if there are no problems, then there is no happiness. 4. They say, if we don't know bad conditions, then we can't know good conditions! 5. I want these conditions to be no more. 6. Do not do that again. 7. Those conditions cause people to say, there is no more hope. 8. God's love make me love him.



1. Wǒmen nng chngwi Yēhhu de pngyou. 2. Shngd shuō wǒmende xnxīn bǎogu de. 3. Suǒyǒu rn dōu bwnměi de. 4. Rng wǒmen chngbi Yēhhu. 5. Tā b i cuw de zōngjio. 6. Nǐ cngli dǎogoguo Yēhhu ma? 7. rn yǒu shnme xīwng? 8. Yrn hu yǒu d. 9. Wile wǒmen chngwi Shngd yun de wǒmen xūyo sh qiānbi. 10. Nxiē fāshēng rng Yēhhu de yrn zhīdao zhge shjiě hu jich.



1. We can become Jehovah's friends. 2. God says our faith is valuable. 3. All men are imperfect. 4. Let's worship Jehovah. 5. He does not love false religion. 6. Have you ever prayed to Jehovah? 7. What hope do wicked people have? 8. Righteous people will have the earth. 9. In order to become ones whom God approves, we need to be humble. 11. Those events let Jehovah's righteous people know that this world will end.



1. Fcng le Shngd de rn hu fhu. 2. Nǐ zu zěnyng de gōngzu? 3. Nǐ xiǎng jijng de lyun ma? 4. Shngjīng gosu nǐmen zěnyng yǒu gāoxng de jiātng. 5. Shngd wishnme rng rnli shu kǔ? 6. Nǐ sht qnjn Yēhhu ma? 7. Nǐ zěnyng rnwi? 8. Zhxiē sh shnme rzi? 9. Xīn shjiě hu rng wǒmen chngwi wnměi.



1. People who obeyed God will rise again. 2. What sort of work do you do? 3. Do you want the clean paradise? 4. The Bible tells YOU how to have a happy family. 5. Why does God let mankind suffer? 6. Are you trying to draw close to Jehovah? 7. What do you think? / How do you see it? 8. These are what days? 9. The new world will let us become perfect.



1. Nǐ xn n ma? 2. Du! 3. Cuw de zōngjio b rng rn zhīdao Shngdde mngzi. 4. Tāmen b mngbai Shngdde yīngxǔ. 5. Zhngmīng zi nǎr? 6. Zhngqu zōngjio de jiguǒ sh shnme? 7. Shngd shu zhōng xn de rn dōu i rnli. 8. Yēsū Jīdū wi wǒmen gěile shji. 9. Shngjīng de yīngxǔ sh bzi sǐwng.



1. Do you believe that?? 2. Sure! 3. False religion doesnt let people know Gods name. 4. They dont understand Gods promise. 5. Where is the proof? 6. What is the result of correct religion? 7. God says persons with a faithful heart all love humankind. 8. Jesus Christ gave a ransom for us. 9. The Bibles promise is there will be no more death.



1.  nǐ sh yge hǎo pngyou. 2. tā b hǎo. 3. tā b sh yge hǎo pngyou. 4. wǒ sh yge hǎo pngyou ma? 5. nǐmen sh [hěn] hǎo [de] pngyou.* 6. tāmen sh pngyou ma? 7. tā sh yge hǎo xnxī. (See also another measure word in Study 24 for flat, rectangular things like a written message: zhāng; hence yzhāng xnxī.)


* Note: With a set of adjectives (which is written with more than one Chinese character) you should insert de. Hence, use hǎo pngyou, but use de in hěn hǎo de pngyou and b hǎo de pngyou.



1. You are a good friend. 2. He is not good. 3. He is not a good friend. 4. Am I a good friend? 5. YOU are [very] good friends.* 6. Are they friends? 7. It is a good message.



1. wǒ sh nge rn. 2. nǐ rnshi zhge pngyou. 3. nge rn sh yge hǎo pngyou. 4. zh b sh yge pngyou. 5. zhge pngyou sh [hěn] hǎo [de] rn. 6. n sh yge hǎo pngyou ma? 7. tā rnshi nge rn. 8. nge dōngxi sh hǎo. 9. zhge dōngxi sh b hǎo. 10. nge xnxī sh yge hǎo dōngxi. 11. qǐng d zhge xnxī. 12. zhge pngyou d nge xnxī.



1. I am that person. 2. You know this friend. 3. That person is a good friend. 4. This is not a friend. 5. This friend is a [very] good person. 6. That is a very good friend, eh? 7. He/she knows that person. 8. That thing is good. 9. This thing is not good. 10. That message is a good thing. 11. Please read this message (out). 12. This friend reads that message (out).



1. zhxiē rn sh hǎo pngyou. 2. tāmen sh nxiē rn. 3. nxiē [rn] rnsh Jim. 4. wǒmen rnshi zhxiē rn. 5. nǐmen rnshi nxiē ma? 6. nǐmen kn nxiē xnxī. 10. qǐng d zhxiē xnxī.



1. These men are good friends. 2. They are those persons. 3. Those [persons] know Jim. 4. We know these people. 5. Do YOU know those? 6. YOU read those messages. 10 Please read these messages [aloud].



1. wǒ rnshi nǐde pngyou. 2. zh sh wǒde pngyou. 3. nxiē rn b sh tāmende pngyou. 4. nǐde pngyou hǎo ma? 5. tāde pngyou b hǎo. 6. qǐng d wǒde hǎo xnxī.



1. I know your friend. 2. That is my friend. 3. Those people are not their friends. 4. Is your friend well. 5. His/her friend is not well. 6. Please read [out] my nice message.



1. wǒ jntian hu li. 2. wǒmen hu xux. 3. tāmen nsh hu q. 4. zhge rn hu xux tā. 5. nǐmen mngtiān hu li ma? 6. nsh wǒ b hu li. 7. tāmen jntian b hu xux. 8. tā mngtiān hu kn nǐde xnxī. 9. wǒ nsh hu xux nǐde xnxī.



1. I will come today. 2. We will study. 3. They will come at that point in time. 4. This person will study it. 5. We will come tomorrow, is it so? 6. I will not come at that time. 7. They will not study today. 8. He will read your message tomorrow. 9. I will study your message at that time.



1. wǒmen xux le. 2. nǐmen q le. 3. nǐ li le. 4. nǐ mi li. 5. tā zutiān xux [yng] zhge fāngfǎ le. 6. tā zutiān zhge l q le. 7. nǐmen rnshi tāmen le. 8. wǒ xux pǔtōnghu le. 9. tāmen q dhu le. 10. tāmen mi rnshi nǐmen. 11. wǒ rnshi zhge rn le. 12. wǒ mi rnshi nge rn. 13. wǒ zutiān kn nǐde xnxī le. 14. tā jīntiān xux tāmende xnxī le.



1. We studied. 2. YOU came. 3. You came. 4. You did not come. 5. Yesterday he studied [use, using] in this manner. 6. He went yesterday this way. 7. YOU knew them. 8. I studied Mandarin. 9. They went to the assembly. 10. They did not know YOU. 11. I knew this person. 12. I did not know that person. 13. I read your message yesterday. 14. He studied their message today.



1. yge rn. 2. yběn shū. 3. nběn shū. 4. tāmen gěi wǒ nběn shū le. 5. tā b gěi wǒ zhběn shū. 6. wǒmen mngtin hu gěi nǐ yběn shū. 7. tāmende dhu hǎo le. 8. gěi zhběn shū. 9. n nǐde shū. 10. tāmen n nǐde shū le. 11. wǒmen mi n nǐde shū. 12. wǒmen mi n wǒmende shū. 13. yge fngzi. (See also another measure word for buildings in Study 24: zu; hence yzu fngzi.) 14. tā shuō zh[g] *. 15. zhběn sh shuō yge hǎo xnxī.


* Note: ge or g can be added here, if we want to focus on this particular thing rather than this situation in general: if this syllable needs to be emphasized, use g.



1. a person. 2. a book. 3. that book. 4. They gave me that book. 5. He doesn't give me this book. 6. We will give you this book tomorrow. 7. Their assembly was good. 8. Give this book. 9. Take your book. 10. They took your book. 11. We didn't take your book. 12. We didn't take our book. 13. a house. 14. He says this. 15. This book tells a fine message.



1. nǐ b shuō tā. 2. nǐ shuō n[g*] le. 3. tāmen mi shuō zh[g*]. 4. wǒmen hu n wǒmende shū. 5. nǐmen b hu n nběn shū ma? 6. wǒ b shuō pǔtōnghu. 7. nge rn shuō pǔtōnghu. 8. nge fngzi hěn hǎo. 9. nǐ b gěi wǒ wǒde shū.


* Note: See the note at Exercise 36.1 about ge and g.



1. You don't say it. 2. You said that. 3. They didn't hear this. 4. We will take our book. 5. We won't take that book, will we? 6. I don't speak Mandarin. 7. That person speaks Mandarin. 8. That house [is] very good. 9. You don't give me my books.



1. yosh wǒmen q nr, tāmen [ji] hu li zhlǐ. 2. yosh nǐ b q nr, tāmen b hu li zhlǐ. 3. jiǎr tāmen b hǎo, wǒmen hu xux b hu xux? 4. rguǒ nběn shū sh hǎo shū, wǒ hu xux tā. 5. jiǎr wǒ sh nǐ, wǒ xux nběn shū. 6. jiǎr nǐmen xux wǒmende shū, nǐmen zhīdao wnt de df? 7. yoshi nǐmen kn wǒmende shū, nǐmen ji hu zhīdao shūde xnxī.



1. If (in the case that) we do go there, [then] they will come here. 2. If (in the case that) you do not go there, [then] they will not come here. 3. If (supposing) they are not well, we will not study, eh? 4. If (on the condition that) that book is a good book, I will study it. 5. If (supposing) I were you, I'd study that book. 6. If (supposing) YOU study our book, YOU will know the answers to (of) the questions. 7. If YOU read our book, then YOU will know its message.



1. tā h wǒ sh hǎo pngyou, dnsh wǒmen b rnshi nxiē rn. 2. tā li zhlǐ, nsh wǒmen q dhu. 3. wǒmen b rnshi zhge rn, dnsh wǒmen rnshi nge rn. 4. tā zutiān mi li, dnsh tā mngtiān [hu] li. 5. tā huzhě zutiān huzhě jīntiān lile, dnsh wǒ zhīdao tā jīntiān zi zhr . 6. gěi tā tāde shū, brn nǐ b hu sh tāde pngyou! 7. wǒ q wǒ pngyou de fngzi, hish tāmen li zhr. 8. xux zhběn shū, nsh nǐ hu zhīdao wǒmende l. 9. tā n nběn shū le, [ ]* tāmen gěi tā nǐde pngyou le. 10. wǒ zhīdao nǐmende shū h tāde xnxī. 11. wǒ kn tāde shū le nsh wǒ xux tāde xnxī.


* Note that and is not always translated when it is used to connect two clauses each with its own verb. rqiě can be used here.



1. He and I are good friends, but we don't know those people. 2. He comes here, and we go to the meeting. 3. We don't know this person, but we know that person. 4. He didn't come yesterday, but he will come tomorrow. 5. He came either yesterday or today, but I know [that] he's here today! 6. Give him his book, otherwise you won't be his friend! 7. I go to my friend's house, or [alternatively] they come here. 8. Study this book, and then you will know our way. 9. He took that book, [and] they gave it to your friend. 10. I know YOUR book and its message. 11. I read his book, and then I learned its message.



1. nǐ mi xux shū, yīncǐ nǐ b zhīdao df. 2. wǒ mi xux wǒde shū, yunyīn sh wǒ mi zhīdao nǐ jīntiān hu li. 3. yīnwi wǒde pngyou b hǎo, suǒyǐ wǒ jīntiān b hu q nǐde fngzi. 4. tāmen mi zhīdao wǒ hu zi zhlǐ. 5. wǒ b zhīdao shfu tā mngtiān hu hǎo. 6. yǒu fngzi zi zhr dnsh mi yǒu fngzizi nr; yīncǐ wǒmen zhīdao tāmende fngzi b sh zi nr. 7. wǒ mi kn shū, yīncǐ wǒ b zhīdao shūde xnxī.



1. You did not study the book, therefore you don't know the answers. 2. I did not know [that] you would (will) come today, for this reaon I did not study my book. [I did not study my book; the reason is, I did not know you would come today.] 3. As my friend is not well, [so] I will not go to your house today. 4. They did not know [that] I would (will) be here. 5. I do not know whether he will be well tomorrow. 6. There are houses here, but there aren't houses there; so we know [that] their houses aren't there. 7. I didn't read the book, so I don't know the book's message.



1. wǒde pngyou mi zi nr. 2. wǒmen mi rnshi zhge rn. 3. zhr yǒu shū, dnsh nǐde shū b zi zhlǐ. 4. nǐ zhīdao ma, zhge l sh hǎo b hǎo? 5. zhge l sh huzhě hǎo huzhě b hǎo! 6. yǒu wnt h df. 7. zhr sh wǒmende wnt h tāmende df. 8. wǒ hu gěi nǐ wǒmende wnt, nsh nǐ qǐng gěi wǒ nǐde df. 9. wǒ hu gěi wnt, nsh wǒ hu n nǐmende df. 10. xixie nn!



1. My friend was not there. 2. We did not know this person. 3. Here there are books, but your book is not here. 4. You know, is it so, this way is good or not good? 5. This way is either good or bad! 6. There are questions and answers. 7. Here are our questions and their answers. 8. I will give you our questions, and then you, please, give me your answers. 9. I will give the questions, and then I will take YOUR answers. 10. Thank you! (polite form)



1. wǒde pngyou b rnshi nǐde mma r tā rnshi nǐde bba. 2. wǒmen nsh mi rnshi nge rn, r wǒmen xinzi rnshi tā. 3. tāmen lile zhlǐ r nlǐ. 4. wǒmen hu li r d nǐde shū. 5. tāde pngyou d r xux yge hǎo xnxī.



1. My friend does not know your mother, but he knows your father. 2. We did not know that person at that time, but we know him now. 3. They came here but not there. 4. We shall come and read your book. 5. His friend reads and learns a good message.



1. zhběn shū sh shnme? 2. nge pngyou sh shi? 3. shi rnshi zhge rn? 4. nǐmende df sh shnme? 5. shi yǒu wnt? 6. nǐ zhīdao shi gěile nǐ nběn shū? 7. nǐ wishnme [yng] nge fāngfǎ shuōle? 8. nǐ zhīdao ma tāmen wishnme mi li? 9. tā shnme shhou qle tāde fngzi? 10. wǒde shū zi nǎr?



1. What is this book? 2. Who is that friend? 3. Who knows this person? 4. What is YOUR answer? 5. Who has questions? 6. You know who gave you that book? 7. Why did you speak in (using) that manner? 8. Do you know why they did not come? 9. When did he go to his house? 10. Where is my book?



1. nǐ zhīdao b zhīdao tāmende fngzi zi nǎlǐ? 2. nǐ q nǎr? 3. nǐmen shnme shhou hu li wǒmende jhu? 4. nǐ shnme shhou hu gěi wǒ nǐde df? 5. nběn shūde xnxī sh shnme? 6. shi gěi shūde xnxī? 7. wǒ b zhīdao wǒ shnme shhou hu q nr.



1. Do you know or not where their house [is]? 2. Where are you going? 3. When will YOU come to our meeting? 4. When will you give me your answer? 5. What is the message of that book? 6. Who gave the book's message? 7. I don't know when I will go there.



1. nǐ zěnme zhīdao n[g*]? 2. wǒ zěnme q nǐde fngzi? 3. nǐ duō rnshi nge rn? 4. tāmen xux zhběn shū duō shēn le? 5. zhr yǒu duōshǎo shū? 6. duōshǎo rn q dhu le? 7. tā sh shi de bba?


* Note: See the note at Exercise 14.1 about ge and g.



1. How do you know that? 2. How will (= do) I come to your house? 3. To what extent do you know that person? 4. To what extent did they study this book? 5. Here are how many books? 6. How many people went to the assembly? 7. Whose father is he?



1. shi de mma gěi nǐ nxiē shū le? 2. nǎge rn sh nǐde pngyou de bba? 3. tāmen zhīdao b zhīdao shi de mma lile? 4. wǒmen jīntiān hu xux duōshǎo? 5. tāmen duō shēn zhīdao dhu de l? 6. nǎběn shū shuō nge xnxī? 7. tā zěnyng rnshi nǐ? 8. nǐ zěnyng gěi tā zhxiē df?



1. Whose mother gave you those books? 2. Which person is your friend's father? 3. Do they know or not whose mother came? 4. How much will we study today? 5. To what extent do they know the way to (of) the meeting? 6. Which book said that message? 7. How (=in what manner) does he know you? 8. How did you give him this answer?



1. shū de fngzi 2. xux de shū 3. xux de jhu 4. dhu de l 5. l de shū 6. jhu de fngzi 7. shū de xnxī. 8. xux de fāngfǎ



1. house of books 2. study book 3. study meeting 4. way of (to) the assembly 5. book of the way 6. meeting house 7. message of the book. 8. way of study



1. wǒde fngzi 2. pngyou de bba 3. nǐ bba 4. shi de mma? 5. tā mma 6. nǐmende shū 7. wǒ mma de fngzi 8. zhěben shū sh shi de? 9. zhge fngzi sh tāmende. 10. tā b zhīdao nǐde fngzi. 11. wǒ b rnshi nǐ bba. 12. tāmende pngyou zutiān mi rnshi nǐ mma dnsh tāmen jīntiān rnshi tā yīnwi wǒ jīntiān shuōle tā sh shi. 13. tā bba kn tā mma de xnxī le.



1. my house 2. the friends' father 3. your father 4. Whose mother? 5. Her mother 6. YOUR books 7. my mother's house 8. This book is whose? 9. This house is theirs. 10. He doesn't know your house. 11. I don't know your father. 12. Their friends did not know your mother yesterday, but they know her today, because today I said who she is. 13. his father [did] read his mother's message



1. hǎo [de] jhu 2. hěn hǎo de pngyou 3. b hǎo de fāngsh (or fāngfǎ).



1. good meeting 2. very good friend 3. not a good manner



1. hǎo de sh wǒde shū. 2. wǒ zhīdao nxiē shū dnsh wǒ b xux b hǎo de 3. wǒmen xux hěn hǎo de.



1. The good one is my book. 2. I know those books, but I do not study bad ones. 3. We study very good ones.



1. zh sh shdang fangfǎ 2. tāmen shdang de xux. 3. shdang de shuō! 4. tā d hěn shdang de.



1. This is the proper manner 2. They study properly (in a proper manner). 3. Speak properly! 4. He reads very accurately.



1. tā jīntiān xux de hěn hǎo. 2. Tā zu de hěn hǎo. 3. tāmen shuō de b hǎo. 4. nǐmen shuō de shdang. 5. wǒ qle jhu de. 6. tā sh mi li de. 7. nǐ zutiān kn le hǎo de. 8. tā sh mi d tāde shū de! 9. tā sh b kn tāde shū de!



1. He studied very well today. 2. He makes [things] very well. 3. They speak (or spoke) badly. 4. YOU speak properly. 5. I went to the meeting! 6. He did not come! 7. You read this well yesterday. 8. He has not read his book! 9. He does not read his book!



1. wǒmen q nr de zhīdao. 2. Tā zu de do nge dōngxi. 3. tāmen shuō de xux. 4. zhběn shū gěi wǒmen zh de do.



1. We could get to know [how] to go there. 2. He is capable of doing (= could manage to do) that thing. 3. They could learn to speak. 4. This book could give us this (= is capable of giving us this).


* Note: For the negative form, couldn't, replace de with b.



1. zhběn shū sh nǐ gěile wǒ de. 2. nge l sh wǒmen q jhu de. 3. zh b sh wǒ xux de shū. 4. nǐ zhīdao b zhīdao wǒ q wǒde fngzi de l? 5. zh b sh nǐ bba kn de xnxī.



1. This book is what (=the one that) you gave me. 2. That way is [the one] that we go to the meeting. 3. This was not the book [the one] that we study. 4. Do you know or not the way [the one] that I go to my house? 5. This is not the message [the one] that your father read.



1. n sh xux hǎo de rn. 2. zhge rn sh zu hěn hǎo de dōngxi de pngyou. 3. wǒde nǐ rnshi de pngyou mngtiān hu li zhr. 4. gěi wǒ nběn shū le de pngyou zutiān lile. 5. zhxiē b xux de rn mi li le. 6. shi zhīdao nle wǒde shū de rn? 7. wǒ rnshi qle nr de rn. 8. tāmen sh wǒ rnshi de rn. 9. tāmen sh rnshi wǒ de rn.



1. That is a person who studies well. 2. This person is a friend who does very good things. 3. My friend whom you know will come here tomorrow. 4. The friend [the one] who gave me that book came yesterday. 5. These people [the ones] that do not study did not come. 6. Who knows [the one] who took my book? 7. I know (=am acquainted with) the one who went there. 8. They are the people whom I know. 9. They are the people who know me.


EXERCISE 40.10.1

1. wǒ b zhīdao tā mi q jhu de yunyīn. 2. qǐng gěi wǒ nǐ b xuxle de yunyīn. 3. zh b sh tā shuō n de yunyīn. 4. shnme sh nǐmen mi yǒu nxiē shū de yunyīn?


EXERCISE 40.10.2

1. I don't know [the reason] why he didn't go to the meeting. 2. Please give me [the reason] why you didn't study. 3. This was not why he said that. 4. What is the reason why YOU do not have those books?


EXERCISE 40.11.1

1. nǐ zhīdao ma tā shnme shhou xux? 2. mngtiān hu sh tāmen li de. 3. nge rn sh shnme shhou q de? 4. zutiān sh wǒmen li de.


EXERCISE 40.11.2

1. Do you know when he studies? 2. Tomorrow is when they will come. 3. When did that person go? 4. Yesterday is when we came (= the time of our coming).


EXERCISE 40.12.1

1. nge fngzi sh wǒ q de fngzi*. 2. tāmen qle wǒmen xux nlǐ de fngzi. 3. tāmen zutiān qle wǒmen mngtiān hu xux de fngzi. 4. nǐ zhīdao b zhīdao wǒde shū zi nr de dfang*?


* Note that it is preferable to insert a word like fngzi, dfang, dōngxi, or similar to make clearer the aspect being specified house, place, thing, etc.


EXERCISE 40.12.2

1. That house is [the house] where I [will] go. 2. They went to the house where we study [there]. 3. They went yesterday to the house where we will study tomorrow [there]. 4. Do you know or not know [the place] where my book is [there]?


EXERCISE 40.13.1

1. qǐng gosu wǒ nǐ q jhu de l. 2. tāmen lile tāmen q nǐde fngzi de l. 3. wǒ li jhu de [l] sh hěn hǎo de l. 4. shnme sh nǐ li wǒde fngzi de l.


EXERCISE 40.13.2

1. Please tell me how (= the road or way that) you go to the meeting. 2. They came how (= the road or way that) they go to your house. 3. [How (= the way)] I come to the meetings is a very good way. 4. How do you come to my house? (=What is the way that you come to my house?)


EXERCISE 40.14.1

1. nǐ zhīdao ma wǒ xux de fāngfǎ? 2. nǐ zhěnme rnshi Tā de? 3. shnme sh nǐ rnshi wǒ de fāngfǎ? 4. tā shuōhu de fāngfǎ b sh hěn hǎo de. 5. tā shuōhu de fāngfǎ mi sh hǎo de.


EXERCISE 40.14.2

1. Do you know how (=the manner or way that) I study? 2. You know Him how? 3. What is the way how you know me? 4. How he speaks is not very nice. 5. How he spoke was not nice.


EXERCISE 40.15.1

1. n sh [yī g] wǒ jīntiān q tāde fngzi de pngyou. 2. nǐ sh tā mma lile de rn. 3. zh sh bba tāde fngzi hěn hǎo.


EXERCISE 40.15.2

1. That is the [very] friend whose house I am going to today (= of whom I'm going to his house today. 2. You are the person whose mother came. (= of whom his mother came.) 3. This is the father whose house is very nice. (= This is the father [ ] his house is very nice.)


EXERCISE 40.16.1

1. zh sh tā gěi de shū. 2. n sh tā n de shū. 3. tāmen sh wǒ zhīdao de fngzi. 4. wǒ b zhīdao de df sh zhxiē. 5. nxiē b sh nǐmen zhīdao le de wnt. 6. zhge dhu b sh wǒ bba zhīdao de. 7. wǒ hu xux q nr de l.


EXERCISE 40.16.2

1. This is the book [the one which] he gave. 2. That is the book [the one which] he took. 3. They are the houses [the ones which] I know 4. The answers [the ones which] I don't know are these. 5. Those are not the questions [the ones which] YOU knew. 6. This house is not [the one] which my father knows. 7. I shall study the way [which] goes there.



1. tā gēn wǒ shuōhu. 2. tā mi gēn nǐ shuōhu. 3. wǒ mngtiān [hu] gēn tā shuōhu. 4. wǒmen hu bǎ tā gěi nǐ.* 5. tāmen lgu zhge fngzi. 6. nge rn lgu wǒmende fngzi le. 7. tāmen tōnggu zhběn shū xux le. 8. zhge pngyou fng tā bba de mng shuō [or: zh] le. 9. nǐ cng jīntiān de dhu xux le shnme hǎo dōngxi? 10. tā cng nǐmende fngzi [chū] lile. 11. tā cng Zhōnggu li. 12. wǒ cng nběn shū xux tāde xnxī.

(Note that bǎ is a device used to let you state the indirect object tā before the direct object nǐ, and still make it clear what is happening to what or whom. Normally, in Chinese the direct object is stated before the indirect object.)



1. He spoke with (=to) me. 2. He didn't speak with (= to) you. 3. I'll speak with him tomorrow. 4. We'll give it to you. 5. They go by way of this house. 6. That person came through our house. 7. They learned through this book. 8. This friend spoke [or: managed] in the name of his father. 9. What good thing did you learn from today's meeting? 10. He came [out] from YOUR house. 11. He comes from China. 12. I learned his message from that book.



1. zhge dōngxi sh gěi nǐ mma. 2. tā nle zhg dōngxi gěi tāde pngyou. 3. tā wile jīntiān de jhu [r*] li(le). 4. wǒ hu t nǐ bba bǎ nǐde shū gěi tāmen. 5. tāmen yuy yge jhu jīntiān mi li.

(* Note that r can be used here to connect the cause of an action with the action itself.

See the note at Exercise 19.1 about the use of )


1. This thing is for your mother. 2. He took this for his friend. 3. He came for today's meeting. 4. I will give them your book on behalf of your father. 5. They didn't come today due to a meeting.



1. zi yge fngzi lǐ 2. zi nběn shū lǐmian 3. zi wǒde l shang




1. in a house 2. inside that book 3. on my road



1. wǒmende jhu hu [sh] zi tāde fngzi lǐ. 2. shǐdang de wnt zi zhběn shū lǐ. 3. nǐ mma mi zi nǐde fngzi lǐmian. 4. tāde shū zi l shang. 5. wǒ jīntiān hu zi tāmende fngzi mian. 6. nǐmende pngyou de shū zi nge fngzi.



1. Our meeting will be in his house. 2. Suitable questions are in this book. 3. Your mother was not inside your house. 4. Their books are upon the road. 5. I shall be at their house today. 6. YOUR friends' books are located in that house.



1. zi nge fngzi shngmian 2. zi wǒde shū ximian 3. zi nǐ bba de fngzi lǐmian 4. zi dhu wibian 5. zi nǐde pngyou qinmian 6. zi tāmen mma humian 7. zi tāde pngyou pngbian 8. zi wǒmende dhu jn



1. on that house 2. under my book 3. inside your father's house 4. outside the meeting 5. in front of your friend 6. behind their mother 7. beside his friend 8. near our assembly



1. nge rn zi nǐde fngzi shngmian 2. nǐde xnxī zi wǒde shū ximian. 3. jīntiān de jhu hu zi wǒde fngzi lǐmian. 4. zutiān de jhu zi wǒde fngzi wibian le. 5. nǐměnde pngyou zi nxiē rn qinmian qle. 6. nǐ bba zi nǐ mma humian li le. 7. wǒ bba zi nǐ bba pngbian. 8. tāmen li jn le [ ] shuō nǐ hǎo ma? 9. zhge jn fngzi sh wǒ bba de. 9. wǒ mma de fngzi sh zi nǐde fngzi fjn.



1. That person is on top of your house. 2. Your message is under my book. 3. Today's meeting will be inside my house. 4. Yesterday's meeting was outside their house. 5. YOUR friend went ahead of those people. 6. Your father came behind your mother. 7. My father is beside your father. 8. They came near [and] said, How are you? 9. This close house is my father's. 10. My mother's house is near your house.



1. zi yng yběn shū 2. gēn nǐ bba 3. miyǒu hǎo pngyou 4. zi zutiān yǐqin 5. zi wǒmende dhu qījiān 6. zi mngtiān yǐhu 7. cng nsh yǐli 8. do l 9. do tāmende fngzi 10. guāny zhběn shū.




1. with (=by the use of) a book 2. with your father 3. without good friends 4. before yesterday 5. during our assembly 6. after tomorrow 7. since that time (= from that time on) 8. until the road 9. until their house 10. about this book



1. wǒ zi yběn shū yng zhīdao tā. 2. nǐmen hu zi wǒmende jhu yng rnshi tāmen. 3. wǒ zi wǒmende dhu rnshi nge rn. 4. tā zi yng nběn shū zhīdao zhge dōngxi. 5. tāmen h nǐmen bba q le. 6. nǐ bba miyǒu nǐ mma li le. 7. tāmende pngyou q le zi tāmen li yǐqin. 8 wǒmen hu q zi nǐ li yǐhu. 9. cng wǒ kn nǐde xnxī yǐli wǒ zhīdao zhxīe wntde df.



1. I know it with [the use of] a book. 2. YOU will know them by means of the meetings. 3. I knew that person at our assemblies. 4. He knows this thing by means of (=on using; from) that book. 5. They went with YOUR father. 6. Your father came without your mother. 7. Their friend went before they came. 8. We will go after you come. 9. Since I read your message, I know the answers to these questions.



1. tā xǐhuan xux. 2. nǐmen xǐwng q. 3. tāmen xiǎng li. 4. wǒmen kěwng zhīdao.



1. He likes to study. 2. YOU hope to go. 3. They want to come. 4. We wish to know.



1. nǐmen xǐhuan xux ma? 2. wǒ bba xīwng mngtiān li zhr. 3. tāmen mma xiǎng zhīdao tāmen b xux de yunyīn. 4. nǐ kěwng rnshi wǒde pngyou ma? 5. tā xiǎng q tāmende fngzi. 6. wǒmen kěwng gěi nǐmen yge hǎo wnt. 7. nǐ mma wi nǐ bba xīwng n zh. 8. wǒmen xǐhuan q wǒmende dhu. 9. wǒ xīwng kn nge xnxī.



1. Do YOU like to study? 2. My father would like to come here tomorrow. 3. Their mother wants to know the reason why they did not study. 4. Do you wish to know my friend? 5. He wants to go to their house. 6. We wish to give YOU a good question. 7. Your mother would like to take this for your father. 8. We like to go to our meeting. 9. I would like to read that message.



1. wǒ xūyo rnshi nǐde pngyou. 2. xūyo dhu zi nr. 3. tāmen bxū li zhr. 4. wǒmen ydng yo q jhu. 5. tā bba gēn tā mma yīnggāi shuō.



1. I need to know your friend. 2. It is necessary that the assembly be there. 3. They must (= are obligated to) come here. 4. We must (=have a necessity to) go to the meeting. 5. His father should speak to his mother.



1. tā xūyo yǒu hǎo df. 2. xūyo shū zi zhr. 3. xūyo tāmende l hu zi zhr. 4. wǒmen bxū li jhu. 5. nǐmen bxū q zi nge l shang. 6. tāmen ydng yo jīntiān gěi wǒmen nxiē shū. 7. nǐ yīnggāi shuō wǒ tā. 8. wǒmen xūyo kn nǐde xnxī. 9. tāmen yīnggāi kn zhge xnxī.



1. He needs to have good answers. 2. It is necessary that the book be here. 3. It is necessary that their road be here. 4. We must (= are obligated to) come to meetings. 5. YOU must (= need to) go on that road. 6. They have a necessity to give us those books tomorrow. 7. You should tell me that. 8. We need to read your message. 9. They should read this message.



1. wǒ jīntiān hu kěnng kn nǐde xnxī. 2. nǐ mngtiān b kěyǐ q tāmende fngzi. 3. sh [nng], wǒ nng kn nǐde xnxī le. 4. tāmen mngtiān do li wǒmende dhu. 5. wǒ xīwng nng kn zhge xnxī.



1. I will have an opportunity to read your message today. 2. You are not permitted to go to their house tomorrow. 3. Yes, I was able to read your message. 4. They have a possibility of coming (=may be able) to our convention. 5. I would like to be able to read this message.



1. wǒ mngtiān jnl kn nǐde shū. 2. tā lt le li zhr, dnsh tā mi nng li. 3. wǒde pngyou sh kn n hǎo de. 4. zhge rn hu shyng nǐde xuxde fāngsh. 5. tāmen rng wǒ q tāmende fngzi. 6. rng wǒ shuō! 7. gěi wǒ d zhg! 8. gěi tā q!



1. I [will] endeavour to read your book tomorrow. 2. He tried to come here, but he wasn't able to come. 3. My friend can read it well. (= is in the situation of reading that well.) 4. This person will try out your study method. 5. They let me go to their house. 6. Let me speak! 7. Let me read that. 8. Let him go!




1. wǒ i tāmen. 2. tāmen i wǒ. 3. wǒ nng d yge xnxī. 4. mngtiān jin! 5. tāmen yǒu wnt ma? 6. nǐ knjian tāmende fngzi ma? 7. tāmen li xi zi nr [ma]? 8. tā xiǎng li xi zi zhr. 9. zh kěnng sh zhēn de.



1. I love them. 2. They love me. 3. I can read [out] a message. 4. See [you] tomorrow 5. They have questions, eh? 6. Do you see their house? 7. They stay there [, do they?] 8. He wants to stay here. 9. This may be true.



1. yge zhēn de pngyou hu bāng nǐ. 2. wǒ bba zi zhge fngzi zh le. 3. tāmen q nr le nsh tāmen hu zhr. 4. nǐmen hu li fǎngwn wǒmen ma? 5. nge rn lu xi zi nǐde dhu ma? 6. wǒde pngyou q le jinmin tā mma. 7. nsh nǐ hu nng zu nǐde fngzi!



1. A true friend will help you. 2. My father lived in this house. 3. They went there, and then they returned here. 4. YOU will come [to] visit us, mm? 5. That person stayed at your meeting, eh? 6. My friend went to meet his mother. 7. Then you will be able to make your house!



1. wǒ b nng mngbai tāmende xnxī. 2. nǐ mngbai nǐde shū ma? 3. tā xīwng knjin nǐde bba. 4. nǐ nng jin shnme? 5. qǐng nin zhge xnxī. 6. wǒmen ydng yo gěi wǒmen mma xiě xǐn. 7. Tā i wǒmen, dnsh wǒmen i b i Tā? 8. tāmen iho kn zhēn de shū. 9. nǐmen yǒu wǒmende xnxī ma? 10. wǒmen zhīdao zěnme bxū i Tā. 11. tāmen b lt i nxiē rn



1. I cannot understand their message. 2. Can you understand your book? 3. He would like to get to see your father. 4. What can you see? 5. Please read aloud this message. 6. We must write a letter to our mother. 7. He loves us, but do we love [or not love] Him? 8. They love to read truthful books. 9. YOU have our message, do you? 10. We know how we must love Him. 11. They don't try to love those people.



1. nǐ b hǎo ma? b, wǒ hěn hǎo! xixie! 2. nǐ hǎo ma? shde, wǒ hěn hǎo! xixie! 3. nǐ b hǎo ma? shde, wǒ b hǎo! 4. nǐ hǎo ma? b, wǒ b hǎo! 5. wǒ mi gěi nǐ tā.



1. Are you not well? Yes, I'm very well, thank you! 2. You are well, eh? Yes, I am very well! Thanks! 3. You are not well, eh? That's right, I'm not well! 4. You are well, mm? No, I'm not well! 5. I didn't give you it.



1. nǐ nng zu zh ma? b [nng], wǒ b nng zu tā! 2. tā mi li, du ma? shde du, tā mi li. 3. nǐ mi li, du ma? b, wǒ li le!



1. Can you make this? No, I cannot make it! 2. He did not come, is that right? That's right; he didn't come. 3. You didn't come, is that right? That's not right; I did come!



1. bx nin b zhēn de xioxi zi zhge fngzi lǐ! 2. zhxiē rn mi yǒu bba. 3. wǒde bba b hǎo; [ ] tā b zi zhīdao wǒmen sh shi. 4. wǒ xīwng yǒngyuǎn b sh b hǎo. 5. tāmen mma sh cngli b hǎo. 6. Tā cngli mi zu b hǎo de dōngxi. 7. wǒmen cngli mi knjian nǐde shū.



1. No reading untruthful messages aloud in this house! 2. Those people don't have a father. 3. My father is not well, [and] he no longer knows who we are. 4. I'd like never to be unwell. 5. Their mother is never well. 6. He never does bad things. 7. We never did see your book.



1. zhge dōngxi gěi wǒmen ydiǎn hěn hǎo de yjin. 2. wǒ kn yzhāng hǎo de xnxī le. 3. nzhāng xnxī zi zhzhāng zhuōzi shang. 4. tāmen zutiān gěi wǒ yfn zzh. 5. wǒ knjin nfn zzh zi wǒde l shang. 6. nǐmende shū lǐ zi de nf hu gěi wǒ yxiē wnt. 7. wǒmen xux npiān wnzhāng le guāny l h fngzi. 8. tā q nǐde jhu yc dnsh wǒ q nr liǎngc.



1. This thing gives us a very good reason. 2. I did read a nice message. 3. That message is on this table. 4. Yesterday they gave me a magazine. 5. I saw a magazine on my way. 6. That picture in YOUR book gives me some questions. 7. We studied that article about roads and houses. 8. He went to your meeting once, but I went there twice.



1. tāmende shū shuō guāny liǎng zhǒng rn. 2. zhxiē sh hǎo h b hǎo de. 3. wǒ xǐhuan zhdun shū, dnsh wǒ b mngbai ndun shū. 4. tā xǐhuan xux zi zhzhāng zhuōzi. 5. wǒmen knjian zhf hu zi nzu fngzi lǐ. 6. tāmen kn le nzhāng xnxī ybin, dnsh wǒmen kn tā liǎngbin. 7. nǐde pngyou de fngzi zi zhdun l shang, [ ] wǒde zǎi ndun l shang zi zhzu fngzi fjn. 8. nli dōngxi bāng wǒ xux zhēn de yjin. 9. qǐng nin zhzhāng xnxī. 10. qǐng kn nfn zzh.



1. Their book speaks about two types of people. 2. These are good and not good. 3. I like this book, but I don't understand that book. 4. He likes to study at this table. 5. We see this picture in that house. 6. They read that message through once, but we read it through twice. 7. Your friend's house is located on this road, [and] mine is on that road near this house. 8. That type of thing helps us learn truthful ideas. 9. Please read aloud this message. 10. Please read that magazine (to yourself).