English to Mandarin Chinese Dictionary (using Pinyin)
for theocratic use with
Mandarin Chinese Introductory Course

 

a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z

 


 

Notes

1 Preference varies as to whether certain Mandarin expressions have spaces between their elements. For example, dictionaries may show the Mandarin Pinyin word for security as ān qun or as ānqun. If you cannot find an expression listed with spaces, please look for it without spaces. Where ng is followed by a vowel, n'g or ng' is shown to separate syllables, even when this is not common practice.


 

English to Mandarin Chinese

 

(as sums of [money])

(MW)

( as musical compositions, songs, teams)

zhī (MW)

( as part of a pair, boats, certain animals)

zhī (MW)

( as stick-shaped things, cigarettes, pens)

zhī (MW)

( as stick-shaped things, rifles, roses, etc.)

zhī (MW)

(as actions or processes)

dn (verbal MW)

(as aeroplanes, cameras, etc.)

ji (MW)

(as an item, measure word used generally - form of g )

ge; g (MW)

(as an item, this measure word is used generally)

g; ge (MW)

(as articles of clothing, furniture, etc.)

jin (MW)

(as brief events or conditions)

zhn (MW)

(as buildings)

dng (MW)

(as buildings)

suǒ (MW)

(as built things, mountains)

zu (MW)

(as bullets, etc.)

(MW)

(as bunches of)

sh (MW)

(as cans, e.g. of drink)

tīng (MW)

(as chunks, sheets, or slices)

kui (MW)

(as clouds, flowers)

duǒ (MW)

(as complete process cycles of)

bin (verbal MW)

(as copies of newspapers, scripts)

fn (MW)

(as couples, pairs of)

du (MW)

(as deals in business)

(MW)

(as doses of Chinese medicine)

f (MW)

(as drops, droplets of)

dī (MW)

(as facial gestures)

f (MW)

(as families, establishments; companies)

jiā (MW)

(as films, novels of)

b (MW)

(as flat items, board games)

pn (MW)

(as flat, smooth things)

min (MW)

(as floors, storeys, layers, sheets of)
(The ground floor counts as the first floor)

cng (MW)

(as garlic bulbs)

tu (MW)

(as groups of people, batches of products)

(MW)

(as groups)

qn (MW)

(as handfuls, bunches of, items handled)

bǎ (MW)

(as horses)

p; pǐ (MW)

(as horses)

pǐ; p (MW)

(as households)

h (MW)

(as illnesses, disasters, shows, debates)

chǎng (nominal MW)

(as images, pictures of, copies of)
[an] illustration

f (MW)
[yf] hu

(as items of music, poems, songs)

shǒu (MW)

(as kinds of, types of, sorts of)

zhǒng (MW)

(as kinds or types of things in general)

yng (MW)

(as lamps)

zhǎn (MW)

(as letters and telegrams of)

fēng (MW)

(as lines of)

hng (MW)

(as long things, limbs, lives, reports, laws)

tio (MW)

(as long, thin objects)

gēn (MW)

(as machines, tools, performances)

ti (MW)

(as meals)

dn (nominal MW)

(as news); (as items of)

tio (MW)

(as number of people in a family or group; heads)

kǒu (MW)

(as occasions when a process occured)

chǎng (verbal MW)

(as occurences: colloquially, have a bash)

hu (verbal MW)

(as orders, rows, courses of)

do (MW)

(as pairs ofpaired things)

shuāng (MW)

(as parcels, packages of)

bāo (MW)

(as parts or sections of)

dun (MW)

(as passages of prose or verse)

j (MW)

(as people of reputation, name or fame)

mng (MW)

(as periodical issues)

(MW)

(as periods or terms in education)

tng (MW)

(as persons - polite use: good-, gentle-)

wi (MW)

(as planar things:flat, squarish)

-zhāng (MW)

(as plants, trees)

kē (MW)

(as plates, layers, expanses, moods)

pin (MW)

(as portions, shares of)

fn (MW)

(as projects, tasks, needs, decisions)

xing (MW)

(as public transport services)

bān (MW)

(as rooms)

jiān (MW)

(as rows of)

pi (MW)

(as scheduled transport services; journeys)

tng (MW)

(as sections of, of cells of)

ji (MW)

(as sessions, of academic years)

ji (MW)

(as sets, outfits, suites)

to (MW)

(as sets, pairs of)

f (MW)

(as ships)

sōu (MW)

(as small round items, pills, grains, etc.)

l (MW)

(as some particular animals)

tu (MW)

(as some particular round things)

tun (MW)

(as spoken languages: speak a language)

kǒu (MW)

(as stacks; orderly piles)

lu (MW)

(as study courses, subjects)

mn (MW)

(as things appearing small and round)

(MW)

(as things spread: blankets, sheets)

chung (MW)

(as things with a peak like hats or tents)

dǐng (MW)

(as thoughts, suggestions of)

diǎn (MW)

(as times, occasions)

c (verbal MW; contrast chǎng)

(as times: for brief actions)

xi (verbal MW)

(as trains, accidents, examinations)

c (MW)

(as types of, sorts of)

li (MW)

(as vehicles, incl. bicycles)

ling (MW)

(as vessel(s) of)

bēi (MW)

(as vocal sounds, calls, cries, screams)

shēng (verbal MW)

(as volumes or copies of books of)

c (MW)

(as volumes, of things bound)

běn (MW)

(as walls)
four walls

dǔ (MW)
sdǔ qing

(as write-ups of, of articles of)

piān (MW)

(continuing) even yet

ne

(groups, gangs of people esp. negatively)

huǒ (MW)

(item having number in the order)

djǐ

(trains)

li (MW)

10 Chinese feet; 33 metres

zhng

10, 000; a very large number

wn

15 minutes

k

1st, 2nd, 3rd

d yī, d r, d sān

a

yī (yī is normally used as y- or y with a measure word (MW) such as -ge , -zhǒng, etc. )

a bar of (chocolate, etc.)

ykui (kui here is a MW)

a bar of soap

ytio fizo (ytio is a MW)

a billion; 1,000,000,000

shy

a bottle of

ypng

a burst of rain

yzhn d yǔ (zhn here is a MW)

a clue

xinsuǒ (MW is [y]tio)

a couple of; two of(measure; not the number)

liǎng- (method as for y-: e.g. liǎngge)

a crowd of people

yqn rn

a day later

g ytiān zi

a fair amount of; no little; no lack of

bshǎo

a felt-tipped pen

zhāntubǐ

a few portions of lunch

jǐfn wǔfn (fn here is a MW)

a few Xs of units (where X is a numeral)

jǐ X b

a four-course meal

yǒu sdo ci de wǔfn (do is a MW)

a fourth part of a whole; a quarter

sfēnzhīyī

a glass

bōli bēi

a good number of; plenty of

hǎoxiē

a group of friends

ypī pngyou (pī here is a MW)

a half; about a half; partly

ybn

a hoard of people

yhuǒ rn (huǒ here is a MW)

a hold compartment on a ship

hucāng

a hundred million; 100,000,000

y

a letter from

lixn

a loan

dikuǎn

a locker; small depository

xiǎo ch

a long distance; long-distance

chngt

a long time period

chngqī

a meeting; reunion; to meet with

hujin

a musical instrument

ppa

a pack [of]

yh []

a pack [of]; a packet [of]

ybāo []

a package; bundle

ykǔn

a page

yy

a pair (as one object)

yf

a pair (set)

yshuāng

a pair of

yī shuāng

a pair of

ydu (See also: yshuāng, yf)

a pair of magazines

liǎngfn zzh (fn here is a MW)

a pair of roller skates

yshuāng hnbīng xi

a pair of sheets

liǎngchung dān (chung here is a MW)

a pair of shoes

yshuāng xi

a pair of shoes

yshuāng xi

a pair of spectacles

yf yǎnjng

a parcel; package

yjin bāoguǒ

a part (section, element, phase)

ybfen

a patch; plaster (for skin)

gāoyo

a paw

zhuǎzi (MW is [y]zh )

a piece (sheet or flat object, like paper)

yzhāng

a piece of (stringy object like string)

ygēn

a piece of string

ygēn xinshng

a piece of; item of (object like furniture)

yjin (jin is a MW)

a pile; heap (disorderly)

yduī (duī is a MW)

a quarrel; argument; to argue; quarrel

zhēngchǎo

a quarter (time)

y k

a ray of light

ydo guāngxin (do is a MW)

a second (period of time)

y miǎo

a shade (of colour)

nngdn

a shade of colour

nngdns (MW is [y]zhǒng)

a sheet of glass

ykui bōli

a sheet of paper (to write on)

yzhāng zhǐ

a shirt

yjin chnshn (jin here is a MW)

a short while

yhuǐ[r]

a small amount; a little; some; a little

ydiǎn[r]; yīdiǎn[r]

a small amount; a little; some; a little (of)

yīdiǎn[r]; ydiǎn[r]

a song

yzhī gē (zhī here is a MW)

a sort of steamed bun

bāozi

a table

yzhāng zhuōzi (zhāng is a MW)

a truth; truth (considered abstractly)

zhēnlǐ

a two-stringed musical instrument

rh

a war (whole process)

ychǎng zhnzhēng (chǎng here is a MW)

a wave

lng

a; an

yge (etc.) (ge is a measure word
-MW. Study 24 shows more.
)
Use y before , , or , else y

a; an

y (See: yī and y)

a; an; one

y (See also yge, etc.)

a; an; one

y ge (See also yge, etc.)

abacus

sunpn

abandoned

pāozhū-nǎohu

abdomen

fb

ability

běnshi

ability; capability

nngl

ability; gift; talent

tiānf

ability; skill; capability

běnlǐng

ability; skill; to have the ability to; can

nng; do

ability; talent

ci

ability; talent

cinng

able to see clearly

kndeqīngchu

able to understand (when reading)

kndedǒng

about to ; just going to

jiāng

about twelve o'clock

sh'r diǎn zuǒyu

about X (X is a number used descriptively)

X li ge

about; approximately

dgi

about; concerning

guāny

about; concerning; regarding

yǒuguān

about; on the subject of

guāny

about; regarding; of

ne

above ; on top of

zhīshng

above; on high

shngtou (See: shngbian)

above; over
[located] above

shngfāng
[zi] shngfāng

above; upon

[located] above

shngmin (or shngmian) (See: shngbian)
[zi] shngmin

abroad

guwi

abroad; overseas

hǎiwi

absent

b zi

absent

quēx

absent from [meetings]; missing [meetings]

quē [jhu]

absent; gone out; gone away

chūqu; b zi

absent; missing

quēdio[de]

absent; not gone

mi q

absent; not present; to be absent

b zi

absent; not turned up

mi li

absolutely must ; to insist on

fēi b kě

absolutely no

gēnběn b

absolutely sure; convinced; positive

quxn

abstinence

dījiǔbzhn

abstract

chōuxing de

abuse

juǐ

academic faculty; college department

x

academic term; semester

xuqī

accent

kǒuyīn

accident

shg (MW is [y]c )

accidentally; by chance

ǒurnde

accidentally; by chance; occasionally

ǒurn

accommodation
[to look for] accommodation

zhch
[zhǎo] zhch

accommodation; rooming

zhs

accompanied; following

gēnsu

according to one's liking; ideal

ry

according to time; on time; punctual; punctually

nsh

according to what?

yǐ shnme?

according to; in relation to; on the basis of

nzho

according to; on the basis of

n

according to; using (an instrument)

account (in a bank)
[an] account

zhngh
[yge] zhngh (ge here is a MW)

account; savings (deposited in a bank)

cnkuǎn

accountant

kuij

accurate; certainly; accurately

zhǔn

achievement; accomplishment

chngji

achievement; accomplishment; success

chngjī

acid; sour in taste; sore; aching; sad

suān

acquaintance

shrn

acquaintance (person)

xiāngsh de rn

acquaintance; one known

shrn

acrobatics

zj

across

hnggu

across from
[located] across from

dumin
[zi] dumin

act; deed

jǔdng

action

xngdng

action; deed; conduct; to function as; use as

zuwi

action; movement

xngdng

active force; power; motive

dngl

active; dynamic; animated; lively

huyu

activity; action; activation; movement

dngzu

activity; exercise; to move around; exercise

hudng

acts; conduct

pǐnxng

actuality; fact; facts; reality

shsh

actually; as it goes; as a matter of fact

shshshang

actually; in reality; as a matter of fact

shsh

acupuncture

zhēnjiǔ

additional materials

bǔchōng cilio

additionally; besides; moreover; in addition

cǐwi

additionally; moreover; to add extra

jiāyǐ

address

dzhǐ

address

zhzhǐ

adequate; sufficient; fairly; quite; rather

gu

adjacent to; next to

jǐn'āi

adult

chngrn

adult; grown-up

chngninrn

adult; grown-up

drn

advance (money)

yfkuǎn

advanced (technically experienced)

xiānjn

advanced; high; higher (education)

gāoděng

advantage; benefit

qǐfā

advantage[ous condition]

yōush tiojin

advantageous; beneficial

yǒul

adventure
[an] adventure

moxiǎn
[yc] moxiǎn (c here is a MW)

adventurous; to take a risk

moxiǎn

advertising; advertisement

guǎnggo

advice; counsel

zhōnggo

advice; recommendation

qun'go

advice; recommendation; suggestion

jiny

advisor; supervisor

zhǐdǎo lǎoshī

advocacy; to advocate

gǔchuī

aerial (device)

tiānxin

aerobics

zēngyǎng jinshēn fǎ

aeronautics; flight; aviation; carried by air

hngkōng

aeroplane; airplane

fēijī

affirmative; positive; to affirm; confirm

kěndng

Afghanistan

Āfhn

afore-mentioned; above

shngbian

afraid; frightened; nervous

hip

Africa

Fēizhōu

African (person)

Fēizhōurn

African (thing)

Fēizhōu de

after

yǐhu

after ; later

[zi] yǐhu

after ; later; in future; afterwards; later

[zi] yǐhu

after all

bjng

after meals

fn hu

after meals

fnhu

after

hu

after; later; behind

zhīhu

aftermath; result; after-effect; consequence

huguǒ

afternoon; p.m.; period 3 p.m. to dusk

xiwǔ

afterwards; later

huli

afterwards; subsequently; then

rnhu

again

zic

again (already recurred)

yu (See also: zi for awaited recurrence)

again (future); once again; further; still; even

zi (See also: yu for past recurrence)

again and again; often; frequently

wǎngwǎng

again; afresh

chngxīn

against
(X against [the wall]where X is a verb)

kozhe
kozhe [qing] (X)

against; to oppose; to fight against; combat

fǎndu (See also: dǐng, n, ko, yǐ)

against; versus

du

against; versus; to (game score)

agap

āgpi (See also: jīy yunz de i)

age (of a person)

ninj

age (of a person)

ninlng

age
what is your age? (not older person or child)

su
nǐ duōshǎo su le?

aged
years old

su
su

aggressive; sharp

jink

aggressive; sharp

kēke; jink

ago
X ago (where X is a certain time period)

yǐqin
X yǐqin

ago; previously; formerly

yǐqin

agreed! fine!

yjin yīzh

Agreed! Fine!

znchng

agreed; Sure!; Well,

xng

agreement

xidng

agreement; contract

htng

agreement; pact; treaty

tioyuē

agreement; treaty; contract; date; appointment

yuē

agriculture; farming

nng

ah! ooh! oh!

ahead; in front

[zi] qinbian

ahead; in front
[located] in front of

qinmin (or: qinmian)
[zi] de qinmin

ahead; leading; frontal

qintou de

ahead; progress; movement ahead

qinjn

aid; assistance; support; to aid; assist; support

zhīyun

Aids; AIDS

izībng

aim; objective; goal; partner

duxing

aim; objective; target; goal; purpose; object

md

air (to post by air)

hngkōng

air conditioner; air conditioning

kōngtio (=kōngq tioji q)

air hostess

kōngzhōng xiǎojiě

air pollution

kōngq wūrǎn

air; atmosphere (climatic)

kōngq

air; fumes; breath; smell; to anger; to fume

q

airforce

kōngjūn

airmail

hngkōng yujin

airmail letter

hngkōngxn

airport

fēijīchǎng

airport

jīchǎng

alarm clock

nozhōng

alarm; warning

jǐngbo

alarming; shocking; surprising

jīngrn

alcohol (chemically)

jiǔjīng

alcohol abuse

zngjiǔ

alcohol; alcoholic drink; wine; liquor

jiǔ

alcoholic spirits; hard liquor

lijiǔ

alike; similar; like; to be like; resemble

xiāngs

alive; live; raw (uncooked); unripe; unrefined

shēng

alive; living; to be alive; live

hu

all (all day all night)

yī (y r y y)

all ; every

suǒyǒude

all day

zhěngtiān

all day all night

y r y y

all kinds

gzhǒng gyng de

all of us; YOU all; everybody

dhuǒr

all over the body

hnshēn

all the best; regards; with best wishes

cǐ zh jnglǐ

all the best; regards; with best wishes

cǐ zh jnglǐ

all the time

lǎosh

all the time; always; in all situations

zǒngsh

all thorough the day; from sunrise to sunset

y tiān do wǎn

all you need to do is ; just

jish le

all; all there is; whatever one possesses

suǒyǒu

all; both; entirely; already

dōu

all; every

fn

allocate (to allocate places; to arrange; to place)

ānfng

almond

xngrn

almost; approximately; nearly; about; around

dyuē (See also: zuǒyu)

almost; nearly

jīhū

almost; soon; quickly

kui

alone

gūjūn-zuzhn

alone (on one's own, by oneself)

yī ge rn

alone; on one's own

dz; dz de

along with; in relation to; varying with

su

along; alongside; beside

yn

along; beside ; to follow along

ynzhe

Alpha

Ā'ērfǎ

already

already

yǐjīng

also; and; too

bng

also; likewise; too; even so; still

also; too

yě sh

although even so

suīrn kěsh (or: dnsh)

although; though

suīrn

altogether; in sum; in total

ygng

always

zngsh

always; ever

lǎo (See lǎosh)

always; in all cases; inevitably; anyway

zǒng

amazed; astonished; surprised

jīngy

amazed; surprised

jīngq

amazing

lng rn jīngy

amazing

lngrn jīngy

ambassador

dshǐ

ambience; atmosphere (mood)

qfēn

ambition (craving power)

shēwng; yěxīn

ambition (craving power)

yěxīn; shēwng

ambition (for success, progress)

bof; xingxīn (See also: yěxīn, shēwng)

ambition (for success, progress)

xingxīn; bof (See also: yěxīn, shēwng)

ambitious (for power)

yǒu shēwng de; yǒu yěxīn de

ambitious (for power)

yǒu yěxīn de

ambitious (for success, progress)

yǒu bof de (See also: yěxīn, shēwng)

ambitious (for success, progress)

yǒu xingxīn de (See also: yěxīn, shēwng)

ambulance

jihchē

America

Měizhōu

American (general things)

Měigude

American (person from USA)

Měigurn

American dollar; US dollar

měiyun

American dollar; US dollar

měiyun

among ; between

zhījiān

among whom; in which

qzhōng

among
[located] among

zhī zhōng
[zi] zhī zhōng

among; amid; within; outside
[located] among

zhī zhōng
[zi] zhī zhōng

amongst; within; between

jiān

amount; quantity; number

shling

ample; adequate

chōngz

ample; powerful (evidence)

chōngfn

amusement arcade

dinzǐ yux fng

amusement park

yl chǎng

an (for written articles)
[an] article written; editorial; essay

ypiān (piān is a MW)
[ypiān] wnzhāng

an able doctor

nnggn de yīshēng

an action; step (esp. remedial measure)

cushī

an artist; painter (known as expert at art)

hujiā

an event; occasion

chǎngh

an examination

yc kǎosh (c here is a nominal MW)

an eye

yzhī yǎnjīng

an inch

yīngcn

analysis; to analyze

fēnxī

ancient Chinese

gǔwn

Ancient of Days (A)

wn'gǔ chngzi zhě

ancient times; ancient

gǔdi

ancient; handed down from ancient times; old

gǔlǎo

ancient; old-fashioned; classical

and

gēn

and (joining nouns or noun phrases)

j

and (joining two verbs or adjectives)
{(adverb of manner) X} {(verb)Y }

r ( r )
{(X) (Y)}

and not; but not

r

and then; and after that

cng'r

and what about ? and what of ?

ne?

and where is ?

ne?

and; as well as; with (linking similar parties)

h

and; not only X but also Y; moreover

bng

and; what is more; in addition; moreover

rqiě

angel

tiānshǐ

anger

qfn

anger; fury; angry; furious

n

anger; ire; angry; irate; cross

shēngq

anger; wrath; indignation; angry; wrathful

fnn

angry

shēnq

animal

dngw

ankle

hui

ankle

huiguānji

ankle

jiǎobzi

announce to the public

gōngb

announcement to the public

tōnggo (MW is [y]zhāng)

annoyed; upset

onǎo

annoying; disgusting; to dislike; detest

tǎoyn

anointed [ones]

shugo [fn zi]

anonymous

b zhīmng

another cup? (to drink)

zi hē ybēi ?

another one; the same again

zi yī [ge] (ge here is a MW: adapt to suit)

another one; the same again

zi yī [ge] (ge here is a MW: adapt to suit)

answer (formal); reply; response

df

answer sheets

djun

answer(s)

d'n

answer; reply; response (oral)

hud

answer; response; to answer; respond

xiǎngyng

answering machine
[an] answering machine

lyīn dinhu
[yti] lyīn dinhu (ti is a MW)

anthropology

rnlixu

antibiotics

kngshēngs

antique; relic; memento

wnw

antiques

gǔwn

anxious; concerned; worried

zhoj

anxious; eager

jīqi

anxious; eager

jqi

any (negative); whatever

rnh

any one of them; either

rnh yī ge

any X; whatever X

nǎ X dōu

anyone; anybody; anything

rnh

anything

rnh sh

anyway

fǎnzhng

anywhere

rnh dfang

apart

xiāngg

apart from (as well as) X, Y also Z (Z: verb)

ch[le] X yǐwi, Y hi Z

apart from X, the remainder of Y Z (Z: verb)

ch[le] X yǐwi, Y dōu Z

ape

yunrn

apostates

pndo

apostle

shǐt

apparatus (laboratory apparatus)

yq

apparently

mngxiǎnde

apparently; as it seems; to appear; seem

fǎngf

apparently; as it seems; to seem; appear to be

shū

appartment block

gōngylu (MW is [y]zhung)

appear; come into view

xiǎnxin

appearance; look; countenance; looks

minmo

appetite

shy

appetite

wikǒu

applause; clapping; to applaud; clap hands

gǔzhǎng

apple

pngguǒ

appliance

qj (MW is [y]jin

appliance; equipment; kit; gear

yngj (MW is [y]jin)

application form

shēnqǐngbiǎo

application; to apply (for something)

shēnqǐng

application; use; to use; apply; applied; used

yngyng

application; use; utilisation; implementation

yngchū

appointed

jdng

appointed member; designated official

wěiyun

appointed times of the nations

ligu de jdng shqī

appointment

yyuē

appointment; meeting; engagement

yuēhu

approaching; near to; close to; approximately

jiējn

appropriate; proper; appropriately; properly

tuǒdng

appropriate; suitable

xiāngdāng

approval

yun

approved

yun de

approximately ; about ; or so

zuǒyu

approximately; about

yuē

apricot

xng

apt; likely; simple; easy

rngy

Arabia

Ālāb

Aramaic

Ālāmǐyǔ

arbitrator; referee

zhngcirn (MW is [y]mng)

architect

jinshī

architect

jinzhshī

architecture; building; structure

jinzh

are you alright? (have you a health problem?)

nǐ mi shr ba?

area code

yuzhng biānmǎ

area code; postcode

yuzhng biānmǎ

area; district; locality; region; zone

ddi

area; surface area

minji

arena; stage; platform for performers

wǔti

Argentina

Āgēntng

argument; quarrel; row

chǎoji

argument; quarrel; row

chǎozuǐ

argumentation; reason (cause, ground)

lǐyu

ark

yuē

arm (limb)

gēbo

armament; arms; weapon

wǔq

armchair

fshǒuyǐ

armed

wǔzhuāng de

armed force; army

jūndu

armed forces; the military; the army

jūn

arms; bosom; harbour; to harbour; cherish

hui

army

ljūn

around the world

[to go] around the world

wiro shji
wiro shji [q]

around; near to

located [around ]

zh yīdi
zi [ zh yīdi]

around; round

hunrǎo

arrange (to arrange; to fix up; to organize; to plan)

ānpi

arrange (to arrange; to organize; to plan)

ānpi

arrange (to arrange; to place)

ānfng

arrangement (arranging; organizing)

ānpi

arrival; to arrive; to reach somewhere

dod

arrogant; proud; haughty

omn

arrow (mark)

jintu

art gallery

měishguǎn

article written; editorial
[an] article

wnzhāng
[ypiān] wnzhāng

artificial

rn'gōngde

artificial; false; dummy; fake

jiǎ

artificial; man-made

rnzo

artist

yshjiā

artistic work; literary piece

zupǐn

arts and crafts

gōngy měish

arts and humanities (field of study)

rnwn xukē

as a result; consequently; thus

ysh

as before; still; yet

yīrn

As for X, well, Y. (marks pause for thought)

X ma, Y.

as it came about originally; as it turns out

yunli

as soon as possible; as quickly as possible

jn kui

as soon as; right away; straight after

ji

as the limit; at the latest

wizhǐ

as the limit; at the maximum

wizhǐ

as to; as regards; as for

zhy

as well as; along with; and

yǐj

as; being

zuwi

as; now; now that; since; because

j

as; now; now that; since; because

jrn; (See also: yīnwi, suǒyǐ )

as; since; because of

yīnwei

as; since; because of; as a result of

yīnwi ; yīnwei

ash (tobacco, etc.)

yānhuī

ash; ashes

huījīn

ash; ashes; dust; grey; ashen

huī[jn]

ashamed (feeling of shame)

haso

ashamed; embarrassed
[to feel] ashamed

cnku
[gǎndo] cnku

ashes of a dead body

gǔhuī

ashtray

yānhuīgāng

Asia

Yzhōu

Asian (person)

Yzhōurn

Asian (things in genereal)

Yzhōude

asleep

shuzhe

aspirin

āsīpǐln

assembly hall; hall; auditorium; theatre

lǐtng

assembly hall; meeting place

huchǎng

assembly; convention; meeting (large)

dhu

assessment; decision; judgement

pndun

assist (to assist); to help

bāng

assistance; help

bāngmng

assistance; help; to assist; help

bāngzh; bāngzhu

assistance; to assist

xizh

assistant

zhshǒu

assistant; housestaff; waiter; waitress

fwyun

associate; partner (spouse); companion

huǒbn

association; gathering; society

xihu

at ([at the time] when )

de ( de shhou)

at a set distance apart

g

at an interval of time later

g

at dawn

lmngsh

at home

zi jiā

at home

zi jiā

at least

qǐmǎ

at midday

zi zhngwǔ

at midnight

zi wǔy

at once; immediately; right now

mǎshng

at once; without delay; promptly

linmng

at one time; together; simultaneously

yq

at present; currently; now

mqin

at present; nowadays; now

dāngjīn

at public expense

gōngfi

at the last moment; at the time

lnsh

at the latest

zu ch

at the right time

jsh

at the same time; meanwhile

tngsh

at the time when ; during; while

de shhou

at this moment in the middle of X (a process)

zhngzi

at this moment; presently; momentarily

yǎnqin

at
[located] at

mian
[zi] mian

at; in; on;

zi

at; in; on; by; from; to; than (especially dates)

y

athlete; player

yndngyun

athletics record

jl

Atlantic

Dxīyng

ATM

qǔkuǎnjī

atmosphere (air)

dq

attack (war)

gōngjī

attack; offensive; to attack

jn'gōng

attack; sudden assault

tūjī

attempt; try; to attempt; try

qǐt

attentive to detail; meticulous

zǐx

attentively; fully focussed

zhuānxīn

attic

fndǐngsh

attic

glu

attitude to one another

shti-rnqng

attitude; manner; posture

tidu

attractive

yǒu xīyǐnl de

au pair; help; maid

bānggōng

au pair; help; maid

bāngshǒu

auburn coloured

jīn zngs de

auctioned off

pāimido

audience (hearers)

tīngzhng

audience; observer; spectator; watcher

guānzhng (See also: tngzhng)

audio recording

lyīn

August

Bāyu

aunt; father's sister

gūgu

aunt; wife of father's elder brother

bmǔ

auntie (nanny; baby-sitter)

āy

auntie; nanny; baby-sitter

āy

Australia

odly

Australia

ozhōu

Australian (See: German: of, person)

odly [-de|-rn] (See: D)

Austria

odl

Austrian (See: German: of, person)

odl [-de|-rn] (See: D)

author; literary writer

wnxujiā

authority (persons in charge)

qunwēi

authority; expert; old hand

tōng

authority; power; controlling position

qunl

authority; power; right

qun

automatic; self-motivated; voluntary

zdng

automatically; of own initiative; voluntarily

zdng

automaton; robot

jīq rn

autumn; fall

qiūtiān

available

kě hud de

available by purchase

mǎi de do

available by purchase; can be bought

nng mǎido

available for use; accessible for use

kěyǐ yng

average; mediocre; passable; so-so

yībān

award

jiǎng[pǐn]

award

jiǎngpǐn

aware (knowing about)

yshdo

awareness

ysh

awareness of; realization; knowledge (facts)

liǎojiě

awareness; consciousness

juw

away ( to X away; to X offwhere X is a verb)

kāi (X kāi)

away (to X away; to X offX is a verb)

X q

away (X away; X offwhere X is a verb)

X jnqu

away (X away; X offX is a verb)

pǎo

away on business

chūchāile

awesome

huīhung

awful (rubbish work, performance)

zāotu [le]

awful; terrible; fear-inspiring; shocking

kěp

awkward; embarrassed (feeling)

gān'g

awkward; embarrassed; to cause difficulty for

winn

awkward; giving a problem

jshǒu

axe

fǔtu (MW is [y]bǎ )

axe

fǔzi (MW is [y]bǎ )

b

 

baby; infant

yīng'r

Babylon the Great

D-Bābǐln

baby-sitter (nanny; auntie)

āy

back cover

fēngdǐ

back door

humn

back passage of abdomen

gāngmn

back to front

fǎn

background; personal history

lǚl

backward[s]

xinghu

bacon

xin zhūru

bacteria; germs

bngjūn

bacteria; germs

xjūn

bad

zāo

bad (of bad luck; unlucky)

dǎomide

bad smell; odour

chuq

bad smell; odour

chuwi

badger

huān (MW is [y]zhī )

badminton; shuttlecock

yǔmoqi

bag

dizi

bag; parcel; bundle

bāo

bakery

minbāodin (MW is [y]jiā)

balance (equilibrium)

pnghng

balanced; level; horizontal

png

balcony

yngti

bald

guāngtūde

bald

tūdǐng

bald

tūtu[de]

ball (as used in Chinese medicine)

wnr

ball (used in Chinese medicine)

wn[r]

ball; ball game; globe; sphere; the earth

qi

ballet

bāliwǔ

balloon

qqi

ball-point pen; biro

yunzhūbǐ

bamboo

zhzi

banana; bananas

xiāngjiāo

band (musicians)

yudu

band (strip)

dizi (MW is [y]gēn)

band; ribbon; belt; tyre; zone; region; area

di

bandage

bēngdi

bank (for money)

ynhng (MW is [y]jiā ) (See: h; xuěk)

bank (of a river)

h'n

bank holiday

gōngjir

bank; shore; seaside; coast

n

bank; slope

banner; flag

qzi

banner; slogan

kǒuho

Baptizer

Shījnzhě

bar (for serving drinks)

jiǔbā

bar (on a window or cage)

zhlan

barbecue

shāokǎo yěcān (MW is [y]c )

barber

lǐfdin

bare tree

guāngtūtū de sh

bargain (good deal)

jiāoy (MW is [y]bǐ )

bargain price

[chǔlǐ] jig

bark (of a tree)

shp

barn

gǔcāng

barrel; bucket; keg; firkin

tǒng

barren

pnjde

baseball (game)

bnqi

-based

biānxiě

basic law; natural pattern

guīlǜ

basic; elementary; fundamental

jīběn

basic; fundamental; elementary

jīchǔ

basis (on the basis of); per; by; according to

n

basis (on the basis of; according to; in relation to)

nzho

basis; element; root; foundation; base

jīchǔ

basis; grounds; fundamental reason

gēnj

basket

lnzi

basketball

lnqi

bat (for games)

qibng

bat (mammal)

biānf

bat; raquet

pāi[zi]

bat; raquet

pāizi

bathrobe

yyī

bathroom

xǐzǎojiān

bathroom; shower room; washroom

ysh

bathtub

ygāng

bathtub

ypn

battle

zhndu

battle

zhng

bay

hǎiwān

be hungry; got hunger

le

be hungry; got hunger

le

be sure to X (X is another verb)

qiānwn X

beach

hǎitān

-beach

-tān

beach; seashore; coast

hǎi'n

beach; seashore; seaside

hǎibiān

beam of light
[a] beam of light

guāng

[ydo] guāng

beam of light
[a] beam of light

guāng
[ysh] guāng

beam; joist

ling (MW is [y]gēn)

bean

du; duzi

beancurd; tofu

dufu

bear (animal)

xing (MW is [y]zhī )

bear witness

zu jinzhng

beard

hxū

beard; moustache

hzi

beautiful; attractive; pretty (said of women)

pioliang

beautiful; good quality; perfection; beauty

měi

beautiful; graceful; exquisite (location)

yōuměi

beautiful; pretty (things, places)

měil [de]; yōuměi

beauty

měil

because {of} (linking the cause of an action with the action itself)

r

because of being

shēnwi

bed

chung

bedding

bir

bedroom

wsh

bedsheet

chungdān

bedsheet

dān

bee; wasp

fēng

beef

niru

beer

pjiǔ

beet[root]

tinci

before

miyǒu yǐqin

before ; before; in the past

[zi] yǐqin

before meals

fn qin

before meals

fnqin

Before our Common Era (BCE)

Gōngyunqin

before[hand] ; prior to ; in front of

zhīqin

beforehand; in advance; early

tqin

beforehand; previously; in advance; earlier

shxiān

beggar

qǐgi

beginner

chūxuzhě

beginning; opening

kāitu

beginning; start

kāiduān

beginning; to begin; start

kāishǐ

behaviour; expression

biǎoxin

behind

[located] behind

hu
[zi] hu

behind

[located] behind

hubian
[zi] hubian

behind the times; backward; to fall behind

luhu

behind; after; later

[located] behind

humian
[zi] humian

behind; to the rear of; at the back of

bihu

Beijing; Peking

Běijīng

bell

lng

bell; clock; clock time

zhōng

belly stomach; tummy

dzi

belongings

ciw

belongings; whatever one has

suǒyǒuw

below ; under

zhīxi

below; beneath; under

dǐxia

below; down; under
[located] below; down

xibian
[zi] xibian

below; down; under
[located] below; down

ximian (See: xibian)
[zi] ximian

below; under; underneath; with
[located] below

ximian (See: xibian)
[zi] ximian

below; underneath; following

yǐxi

below; underneath; under
[located] below

xibian
[zi] xibian

belt

yāodi

belt (mechanical)

pdi

bench

chngdng

bend; curve

zhuǎnwān

beneath; under; below

[zi] yǐxi

benefit; advantage; good point

hǎoch

benefit; advantages; cheap; inexpensive

pinyi

benefit; interest

ly

benefits; relief

by

berth; sleeping bay; compartment

wp

beside; by (the side of)

[located] beside

png

[zi] png]

beside; by (the side of)

[located] beside

pngbiān]

[zi] pngbiān]

beside; by (the side of)

[zi] pngbiān

beside; by; by the side of
[located] beside

zi [ png]

beside; by; by the side of
[located] beside

zi [ pngbiān]

besides; moreover

kungqiě

besides; with this

tngsh

besiege

wikn

best wishes

linghǎo zhyun

best wishes

zh
zh hǎo

best; ought really; had better; should

zuhǎo

best; the best

zu hǎo [de]

better

gěng hǎo de

better

gnghǎo

better than

bǐ hǎo

better; rather better; preferable

bǐjio hǎo

between; amid; amongst

[located] between

zhōngjiān
[zi] zhōngjiān

beyond ; outside ; without

yǐwi

beyond; on the far side of
[located] beyond

n bian
[zi] n bian

bias; prejudice; favouritism

piānjin

Bible; scriptures

Shngjīng

bicycle lane

zxngchē do

bicycle pump

dǎqtǒng

bike; bicycle

zxngchē

bill

zhngdn

bill; itemized list; separately; discretely

dān

billion

sh y (See also: shyī )

biology

shēngwxu

bird

niǎo (MW is [y]zhī )

birds' nest

ynwō

birthday

shēngr

birthday (happy birthday)

shēngr kuil

birthplace

chūshēng d

biscuit; cookie; cracker

bǐnggān

bitter

kǔde

bitter; painstakingly; diligently

black beans

duchǐ

black colour[ed]

hēis [de]

black pepper

hēi hjiāo

black tea

hng ch

black; dark

hēi [de]

blackberry

hēimi

blackboard; chalk board

hēibǎn

blackcurrants

hēi ptaogān

blade (of a cutter)

dāokǒu

blade (of a cutter)

dǎorn

blade of grass

cǎopin (MW is [y]y)

blank; stiff; dim-witted

dāi

blanket; carpet; rug

tǎnzi

blessing; happines; good fortune

f

blessings

dd

blind

mng

blind (visually impaired)

shīmng

blind; visually impaired

xiā

blink

yǎnjīng

blister

pāo; po

blister

po; pāo

block

kui (MW is [y]d)

blond coloured; blonde coloured

jīn s de

blood

xu

blood

xuy

blood pressure

xuyā

blood vessel